Stocks held higher on Monday morning as oil prices clawed back from recent losses on the back of hopes for a production freeze agreement from top oil producers.
The S&P 500 was up 0.52%, the Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 0.6%, and the Nasdaq added 0.4%.
Crude prices rose Monday morning after Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro said a deal between Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries and non-OPEC countries to curb output was close. Maduro said officials held a long meeting with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. OPEC members are set to hold an informal meeting later this month.
West Texas intermediate crude oil increased 2.5% to $44.12 a barrel on Monday.
Gains were capped, though as the Federal Reserve's September meeting loomed. The Federal Open Market Committee is set to meet for two days on Tuesday, culminating in an announcement, forecasts and press conference from Fed Chair Janet Yellen on Wednesday afternoon.
A chorus of Fed opinions and mix of economic data in recent weeks have inspired intense speculation over how the FOMC will move this month. Weak retail, industrial and inflation data for August have recently undermined confidence in the U.S. economy and likely pushed the Fed to err on the side of caution. Hawkish rhetoric could continue as the Fed preps markets for the eventuality of another increase later this year.
"The markets are girding themselves for the possibility of a rate increase this week," said Paul Nolte, chartered financial analyst at Kingsview Asset Management. "Based strictly on the data, they should keep rates stable. The comments following the meeting will be instructive for a December increase."
The chances of a rate hike in September sit at 12%, according to CME Group fed funds futures. Most analysts are betting on a rate hike in December, which has a 45% likelihood. However, there are some making the case for a rate hike as soon as Wednesday.
"While concerns about inflation remain, communications from many FOMC members indicate a willingness to prepare markets for the next rate increase, if not move to that rate increase directly," Barlcays analysts wrote in a note. "Against this backdrop, we retain our outlook for a rate hike in September. We believe the data have met the Fed's threshold."
Focus on oil markets and the September Fed meeting distracted from any uneasiness over multiple bombings over the weekend. A pressure cooker bomb detonated on 23rd Street in New York on Saturday evening, though the blast was mostly absorbed by a metal trash container.
Separately, a backpack holding several bombs was found at a train station near Elizabeth, N.J., on Sunday before detonating Monday morning. No fatalities were recorded in either case. Ahmad Khan Rahami, a man wanted in connection with the bombings, has been taken into custody.
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McDonald's(MCD) - Get Report was on watch as it fought to avoid the latest back tax charges from the European Union. The fast food chain could reportedly face $500 million in back taxes in the region, according to The Financial Times. The company reportedly set up headquarters in Luxembourg to avoid taxes.