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Balanced Funds Can Smooth Stock Swings

Mutual funds that hold stocks and bonds can help shield investors from volatility.

NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- With weak employment data rattling the markets, it makes sense to add a steady mutual fund to your portfolio. Among the most reliable choices are balanced funds, which hold mixes of stocks and bonds. Top balanced portfolios limit losses in downturns and deliver decent results in bull markets.

Many balanced funds hold static allocations, keeping 60% of assets in high-quality stocks and the rest in investment-grade bonds. However, some

mutual funds

hold a wider variety of securities and shift their allocations as conditions change. Skilled managers can boost returns by making the right calls.

A solid choice is the

Franklin Income Fund

(FKINX) - Get Report

, which has returned 7.2% annually during the past 10 years, outdoing 98% of its peers in


(MORN) - Get Report

conservative allocation category. A year ago, the fund had 70% of its assets in fixed income and the rest in equities. Since then Franklin has lowered its bond allocation to 60%.

Manager Ed Perks says corporate bonds have been rallying during the past year as investors worry less about default risk. When prices climb, yields fall. The yields on investment-grade corporate bonds dropped from more than 9% to less than 5%. "We had tremendous performance in some bonds, and now they seem overpriced," says Perks.

In some cases, Perks sold a company's bonds and bought its stock because the shares seemed like relative bargains. He recently bought common shares of

Dominion Resources

(D) - Get Report

, a Virginia electric utility. The stock yields 4.5%, a bit more than the yield on the company's 10-year bonds.

Franklin aims to provide shareholders with steady income, and most often the fund succeeds. The current yield is 7.4%. To generate income, Franklin holds a wide collection of assets, including convertibles and high-yield bonds. Perks has been emphasizing high-yield bonds, which are rated below-investment grade. He says many solid issues yield 9%, a tempting payout.

Another steady option is the

First Focus Balanced Fund

(FOBAX) - Get Report

, which has returned 6% annually during the past 10 years, outdoing 97% of moderate allocation funds. The fund typically devotes 45% to 75% of its assets to equities. When markets looked shaky in 2008, First Focus had less than 50% of assets in stocks, with most of the rest in investment-grade bonds. As the economy improved last year, the managers raised their equity holdings to 70%. Lately, they have dialed back the position to 61%.

"Equities still have more upside potential than bonds for long-term investors, but the problems in Europe have raised the risks," says manager Kurt Spieler.

For his stock holdings, Spieler looks for growth stocks selling at reasonable prices. When concerns about the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico punished energy stocks, he began buying oil and gas producers, including


(APA) - Get Report

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Occidental Petroleum

(OXY) - Get Report

. After sinking for much of the past year, gas prices are starting to rise, says Spieler. That should boost earnings for gas producers.

Cautious investors may prefer the

Hussman Strategic Total Return Fund

(HSTRX) - Get Report

, which has returned 8% annually during the past five years, outdoing 99% of its competitors in the conservative allocation category. Manager John Hussman can put up to 30% of assets in equities, but lately he's been keeping his fund at 5%. Hussman worries that excessive debt could smoother the economic recovery. He expects a new wave of mortgage defaults to soon hit.

To protect shareholders, the fund recently had 70% of assets in Treasury securities. The biggest stock positions are in gold mining companies, including

Newmont Mining

(NEM) - Get Report


Barrick Gold



Because of his caution, Hussman lagged most competitors during the huge rally of 2009. But he remained firm in his belief that stocks were overvalued. This year the conservative stance has proved on target, enabling the fund to protect shareholders from erratic markets.

-- Written by Stan Luxenberg in New York


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Stan Luxenberg is a freelance writer who specializes in mutual funds and investing. He was formerly executive editor of Individual Investor magazine.