With the sale of Merck KGaA's consumer healthcare business to Procter & Gamble Co. (PG) , the spotlight now shifts to the fate of Pfizer Inc.'s (PFE) consumer healthcare unit, to which Procter & Gamble was previously reported to be a suitor.
Even with the Merck deal, CFRA Research healthcare equity analyst Jeffrey Loo said in an interview on Thursday, April 19, that he "wouldn't close the door" on the possibility of Procter & Gamble buying the Pfizer unit, whose brands include Advil, ChapStick, Centrum and Preparation H.
That's because the consumer health businesses of Pfizer and Merck each focus on different markets, Loo said. A lot of the Pfizer unit's business is in the U.S. while the Merck division mainly focuses on Europe, Latin America and Asia, he pointed out.
Procter & Gamble on April 19 unveiled a deal to buy the Merck division, which includes brands such as Seven Seas and Neurobion vitamins, for €3.4 billion ($4.2 billion).
The Pfizer unit might be of interest to Bayer AG given its sizable consumer healthcare business, Loo said.
Bayer acquired Merck & Co.'s (MRK) consumer care business for $14.2 billion in 2014.
However, Loo said he sees a "very outside chance" that Bayer would acquire the Pfizer division, noting that Bayer's own consumer health business is struggling and that Bayer is in the midst of its $62.5 billion acquisition of agriculture company Monsanto Co. (MON) .
Bayer's consumer healthcare unit posted revenue of €5.86 billion in 2017, down 1.7% from 2016. Bayer management board chairman Werner Baumann attributed the decline to "persistently weak business development in the United States," according to Bayer's Feb. 28 earnings announcement.
A company such as Procter & Gamble, Unilever NV (UN) , CVS Health Corp. (CVS) or Walgreens Boots Alliance Inc. (WBA) might be interested in the Pfizer business, said Anthony Chambers, a director in the life sciences practice of consulting firm West Monroe Partners.
Representatives for Pfizer, Procter & Gamble, CVS and Walgreens declined to comment. Representatives for Bayer and Unilever did not immediately comment.
New York-based Pfizer said in October it was reviewing strategic alternatives for its consumer healthcare unit and expected to make a decision in 2018. Options include selling the unit, spinning it off and retaining it.
In January, Reuters reported that Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) dropped out of the running for the business. On March 22, Reckitt Benckiser Group plc said it had terminated talks for parts of the Pfizer division. A day later, GlaxoSmithKline plc (GSK) said it had withdrawn from the process for the business. Then on March 27, GlaxoSmithKline said it was buying Novartis AG's (NVS) 36.5% stake in their consumer healthcare joint venture for $13 billion.
CNBC reported on April 3 that Pfizer was in talks with Procter & Gamble on a sale of its consumer business, though the two are are far apart on price. Procter & Gamble was looking to shell out $15 billion while Pfizer was looking to fetch $20 billion for the unit, the report said.
Chambers shared a theory within West Monroe Partners on why Pfizer has yet to seal a deal for the unit. The theory is that Pfizer has been aggressively pushing into digital health, said Chambers, adding that over-the-counter categories like pain, allergy and flu are "great categories to expand their offering into digital health."
Pfizer "may be hedging a little," Chambers said. "They may be a little reluctant to sell [the consumer healthcare unit] until such time that they see the digital health app marketplace expand." --Martin Baccardax, Alice Cantwell and Lisa Botter contributed to this article
Editor's note: This article was first published by The Deal, a sister publication of TheStreet that offers sophisticated insight and analysis on all types of deals, from inception to integration. Click here for a free trial.