Zuckerberg will speak with Harvard Law Professor and former Obama Administration official Cass Sunstein.
The discussion will focus on "some of the biggest questions facing the internet -- including government regulation, shifts to privacy, and innovation," according to the festival's program.
Facebook has come under increasing scrutiny in the past year and a half over a series of controversies including allowing personal data of millions of users to be harvested by Cambridge Analytica, a now-defunct political research firm with ties to archconservative financier Robert Mercer, and former Trump Adviser Steve Bannon.
Last week the company announced it was working to develop a cryptocurrency to be used by its members, prompting a quick response from lawmakers calling for a moratorium on the move.
Facebook is an underwriter of the Aspen Ideas Festival.
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