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In a surprise energy mega-deal, Chevron (CVX) - Get Chevron Corporation Report  said Friday it plans to buy Anadarko Petroleum (APC) - Get Anadarko Petroleum Corporation Report for $33 billion in cash and stock.

Chevron said it will pay $65 a share to Anadarko shareholders, who will receive 0.3869 a share of Chevron and $16.25 in cash for each Anadarko share. 

The total enterprise value of the transaction is $50 billion.

Shares of Anadarko surged Friday following the announcement, jumping 32% to close at $61.78on the New York Stock Exchange. Shares of Chevron went in the opposite direction, falling 4.94% to close at $119.76. 

The deal comes amid a rebound in global oil prices, fuelled in large part by bets among investors that OPEC supply cuts, sanctions on Iran and Venezuela and escalating military tensions in Libya will continue to support markets.

It also points to good times ahead for U.S.-based producers like Chevron, who over the past decade have taken pole position as oil producers and exporters amid the ongoing U.S. shale boom, which has made the U.S. the world's No. 1 oil exporter.

Other oil and energy companies' shares were mixed at the open on Friday. Shares of Exxon (XOM) - Get Exxon Mobil Corporation Report  were up slightly at $82, while shares of BP (BP) - Get BP p.l.c. Report were down a nudge at $44.84. ConocoPhillips (COP) - Get ConocoPhillips Report stock was a bigger gain, up more than 2% at $67.71.

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"This seems a big bet on shale and on oil prices remaining high," said Michael Hewson, an analyst with technology trading platform CMC Markets in London. "That seems a big ask if you think that renewables are set to comprise an increasing bigger part of the energy mix."

 The acquisition of Anadarko will enhance Chevron's "already advantaged" upstream portfolio and further strengthen its leading positions in large, attractive shale, deepwater and natural gas resource basins, Chevron said in a statement.

What's more, the addition of Western Midstream Partners (WES) - Get Western Midstream Partners LP Representing Limited Partner Interests Report , owned by Anadarko, will boost revenue.

"The combination of Anadarko's premier, high-quality assets with our advantaged portfolio strengthens our leading position in the Permian, builds on our deepwater Gulf of Mexico capabilities and will grow our LNG business," Chevron CEO Michael Wirth said in the statement. 

"This transaction will unlock significant value for shareholders, generating anticipated annual run-rate synergies of approximately $2 billion, and will be accretive to free cash flow and earnings one year after close," Wirth added.

Chevron said it will shed $15 billion to $20 billion of assets between 2020 and 2022 after the transaction is completed, and use those proceeds to reduce debt and return cash to shareholders.

To be sure, Chevron apparently wasn't the only bidder. According to media reports, Occidental Petroleum (OXY) - Get Occidental Petroleum Corporation Report  also made overtures to Anadarko to the tune of more than $70 a share.

Anadarko and BP are holdings in Jim Cramer's Action Alerts PLUS member club . Want to be alerted before Jim Cramer buys or sells the stock? Learn more now.