NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- Had you invested equally among each of the 30 stocks that currently comprise the Dow Jones Industrial Average, from September 2000 to September 2010, your portfolio would have returned 3.15% annually*.

Had you invested equally among the 42 stocks that currently comprise the S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats -- an index composed of large-cap

S&P 500

companies that have increased dividends for 25 consecutive years -- you would have enjoyed a 8.1% annual return.

Alas, the Dividend Aristocrats are not infallible.


eight Dividend Aristocrats fail to meet the criteria of our dividend acid test

. These eight stocks have the greatest mathematical likelihood of dividend stagnation, and subsequently, the greatest risk of being dropped from the index.

In 2009, 10 stocks were dropped from the Dividend Aristocrats -- collectively, the annualized 10-year return for these "fallen angels" was 2%. As the data suggests, knowing which

stocks to avoid

can have a pronounced

impact on investor returns


In the past we've attempted to select a

small portfolio of Dow stocks intended to outperform the collective future performance of the 20 best-performing Dow components

. Using the same criteria -- with two new additions -- we've narrowed our universe of Dividend Aristocrats to 10 stocks, each with a reasonable chance of outperforming the composite index:

1.) Each stock must have a liability-adjusted cash flow yield** greater than the yield of a 10-year U.S. Treasury note.

The expected rate of return of the equity should exceed the risk-free rate of a Treasury note, preferably, by a

ratio of 2-1 (to compensate the owner for business-specific risks)


2.) Each stock must have a return on invested capital greater than 10% (using 10-year historical data).

Return on invested capital measures the success and failures of a company's capital expenditures -- a direct measure of managerial competence. Ten percent is a reasonable minimum figure to ensure that management is spending capital wisely.

3.) Each stock must show a positive total return (including dividends) over the past 10 years.

For an individual investor, 10 years represents a large percentage of his or her "investable lifetime." Ultimately, if the managers of a profitable company are unable to return profits to shareholders in a decade's time, something is wrong. Or, as Benjamin Graham writes in

The Intelligent Investor

, "poor managements produce poor market prices."

New -- 4.) Each company must have a five-year average tax rate greater than 25%.

Companies with tax rates below 25% likely enjoy the benefits of deferred tax assets and/or government tax subsidies -- however, a cautious investor must not assume preferential tax rates will continue indefinitely.

New -- 5.) Each company must have a "quick ratio" greater than 1.

Companies with a quick ratio below 1 have weak liquidity and often rely on rapid inventory turnover and/or credit facilities for daily operations. In the event of a crisis, these companies will be most susceptible to operational deficiencies.

It is worth noting that each of the 10 securities that met our established criteria have been rated "Buy" by the

TheStreet's proprietary stock ratings model


*Total return does not include the impact of taxes and trading costs. Total return data only provided for securities currently listed in each respective index. Data provided by Yahoo! Finance via**To determine liability adjusted cash flow yield, a "short formula" was used, defined as:5-Year Average Free Cash Flow / ((Outstanding Shares x Per Share Price) + (Liabilities - Cash))

10. PPG Industries

Company Profile


PPG Industries

(PPG) - Get Report

manufactures coatings, glass and chemical products. The company is comprised of six reportable business segments: performance coatings, industrial coatings, architectural coatings -- optical and specialty materials, and commodity chemicals.

  • Liability-Adjusted Cash Flow Yield: 4.04%
  • 10-Year Treasury Yield: 2.72%
  • Margin of Safety Ratio: 1.49
  • Return on Invested Capital: 15%
  • 10-Year Total Return: 146.76%
  • 5-Year Average Tax Rate: 29.1%
  • Quick Ratio: 1.29

9. Brown-Forman

Company Profile




manufactures, bottles, imports, exports, and markets a wide variety of alcoholic beverage brands.

  • Liability-Adjusted Cash Flow Yield: 4.04%
  • 10-Year Treasury Yield: 2.72%
  • Margin of Safety Ratio: 1.49
  • Return on Invested Capital: 20.9%
  • 10-Year Total Return: 231.72%
  • 5-Year Average Tax Rate: 31.6%
  • Quick Ratio: 1.11

8. Emerson Electric

Company Profile


Emerson Electric

(EMR) - Get Report

designs and supplies product technology and delivers engineering services in a range of industrial, commercial and consumer markets.

  • Liability-Adjusted Cash Flow Yield: 4.13%
  • 10-Year Treasury Yield: 2.72%
  • Margin of Safety Ratio: 1.52
  • Return on Invested Capital: 25.58%
  • 10-Year Total Return: 92.54%
  • 5-Year Average Tax Rate: 31.3%
  • Quick Ratio: 1.08

7. Becton, Dickinson & Co

Company Profile


Becton, Dickinson & Co

(BDX) - Get Report

is engaged in the manufacture and sale of medical supplies, devices, laboratory equipment and diagnostic products used by health care institutions, life science researchers, clinical laboratories, industry and the general public.

  • Liability-Adjusted Cash Flow Yield: 4.48%
  • 10-Year Treasury Yield: 2.72%
  • Margin of Safety Ratio: 1.65
  • Return on Invested Capital: 19.23%
  • 10-Year Total Return: 187.03%
  • 5-Year Average Tax Rate: 27.8%
  • Quick Ratio: 1.96

6. MMM

Company Profile



(MMM) - Get Report

is a global manufacturer, technology innovator and marketer of a variety of products.

  • Liability-Adjusted Cash Flow Yield: 4.54%
  • 10-Year Treasury Yield: 2.72%
  • Margin of Safety Ratio: 1.67
  • Return on Invested Capital: 24.25%
  • 10-Year Total Return: 138.4%
  • 5-Year Average Tax Rate: 31.5%
  • Quick Ratio: 1.82

5. C.R. Bard

Company Profile


C.R. Bard

is engaged in the design, manufacture, packaging, distribution and sale of medical, surgical, diagnostic and patient care devices.

  • Liability-Adjusted Cash Flow Yield: 5.21%
  • 10-Year Treasury Yield: 2.72%
  • Margin of Safety Ratio: 1.92
  • Return on Invested Capital: 27.86%
  • 10-Year Total Return: 287.71%
  • 5-Year Average Tax Rate: 27%
  • Quick Ratio: 3.97

4. Dover

Company Profile



(DOV) - Get Report

owns and operates a global portfolio of manufacturing companies providing components and equipment, specialty systems and support services for a variety of applications.

  • Liability-Adjusted Cash Flow Yield: 5.56%
  • 10-Year Treasury Yield: 2.72%
  • Margin of Safety Ratio: 2.04
  • Return on Invested Capital: 14.75%
  • 10-Year Total Return: 19.3%
  • 5-Year Average Tax Rate: 26.2%
  • Quick Ratio: 1.73

3. VF Corp.

Company Profile


VF Corp

(VFC) - Get Report

is an apparel company that designs and manufactures, or sources from independent contractors, a variety of apparel and footwear for all ages.

  • Liability-Adjusted Cash Flow Yield: 5.59%
  • 10-Year Treasury Yield: 2.72%
  • Margin of Safety Ratio: 2.06
  • Return on Invested Capital: 15.78%
  • 10-Year Total Return: 300.8%
  • 5-Year Average Tax Rate: 31%
  • Quick Ratio: 1.34

2. Leggett & Platt

Company Profile


Leggett & Platt

(LEG) - Get Report

is a manufacturer that conceives, designs and produces a range of engineered components and products.

  • Liability-Adjusted Cash Flow Yield: 8.28%
  • 10-Year Treasury Yield: 2.72%
  • Margin of Safety Ratio: 3.04
  • Return on Invested Capital: 13.2%
  • 10-Year Total Return: 60.85%
  • 5-Year Average Tax Rate: 35%
  • Quick Ratio: 1.5

1. McGraw-Hill

Company Profile



( MHP) is a global information services provider serving the education, financial services and business information markets with a range of information products and services.

  • Liability-Adjusted Cash Flow Yield: 9.47%
  • 10-Year Treasury Yield: 2.72%
  • Margin of Safety Ratio: 3.48
  • Return on Invested Capital: 84.3%
  • 10-Year Total Return: 15.42%
  • 5-Year Average Tax Rate: 37.3%
  • Quick Ratio: 1.09

-- Written by John DeFeo in New York City

Follow @johndefeo


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