The Fed contracts


The Fed has indicated that it plans to pursue a policy of quantitative easing, that is, expanding its portfolio by borrowing in financial markets at low rates and investing the proceeds in higher-yielding private investments.

BySusan WoodwardandRobert Hall

The Fed’s acquisition of large amounts of Fannie and Freddie’s debt was a notable success of that strategy, as it lowered their borrowing rates and thus lowered mortgage rates. But, as the graph below shows, the Fed has engaged in quantitative tightening over the past month, reducing its borrowing and reducing its holdings of higher-yielding investments. The line labed “Other assets” measures that type of investment. So far, no explanation for the Fed’s announcements of moving in an expansionary direction while actually contracting.