Are Bonuses Taxed at a Higher Rate? No.
Remember, your federal withholding and/or your estimated tax payments must equal either 100% of last year's federal income tax or 90% of your projected 2000 federal tax bill, whichever is less. (If your 1999 adjusted gross income exceeds $150,000, the total must equal 108.6% of last year's bill.) So you want to make sure you meet either of these requirements or you'll be hit with an underpayment penalty in April.
If you're typically in the 15% federal tax bracket, and you had 28% withheld on your bonus, you may have had enough tax withheld already. You will get any extra back as a refund when you file your tax return in April. So why not adjust your Form W-4 -- Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate? That's the form that tells your employer how much to withhold from your wages each pay period. You can have less withheld for the rest of the year if you've already paid in enough. (Check out this previous Tax Forum for more on adjusting your W-4.)
On the flipside, if you're in the 39.6% tax bracket and you've only had 28% withheld on your bonus, you're going to owe that 12% difference in April, says Martin Nissenbaum, national director of personal income tax planning at Ernst & Young. So you may need to increase your withholdings or start making estimated tax payments. Check out this previous story for more details on estimated payments.
Note that if you change your W-4, your employer is not required to implement those changes for 30 days, says Nissenbaum.If you left the company and you're still owed a bonus, you will be withheld under the annualized method, says Nissenbaum. The 28% only applies if you had regular withholding from the company within the same year, he says. Granted, this seems like a bummer now, but at least you won't have to cough up a big chunk of money in April. I know. That's zero consolation.
Send your questions and comments to email@example.com, and please include your full name. Tax Forum appears Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.
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