NOVATO, Calif., June 24, 2014 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Raptor Pharmaceutical Corp. (Nasdaq:RPTP) today announced that data from its open label extension study of delayed-release cysteamine bitartrate (PROCYSBI ®) has been published in the Journal of Pediatrics [DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.05.013]. The study demonstrated that patients with nephropathic cystinosis who took PROCYSBI for two years were able to sustain optimal cystine control in their white blood cells and preserve kidney function over the long term, and had significant improvements in social, school and total functioning based on validated quality of life measurement scales.
The prospective, controlled, open label, single-arm study followed 40 patients with nephropathic cystinosis treated with PROCYSBI for two years to assess efficacy in cystine depletion in peripheral white blood cells, to assess the dose required to maintain white blood cell (WBC) content of cystine below 1 nmol ½ cystine/mg protein, to measure quality of life using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL™), change in estimated glomerular filtration rate, and change in height Z-score. The objective was to determine the long-term effects of PROCYSBI therapy in patients with the disease.
Control of WBC CystineOver two years of treatment, the mean WBC cystine was maintained under optimal control of <1 nmol ½ cystine/mg protein, and the dose of PROCYSBI decreased from 43.5 to 40.1 mg/kg/d ( p = .05). Maintenance of Kidney Function Kidney function deteriorates over time in nephropathic cystinosis patients who often require a kidney transplant early in life. In this study, kidney function as monitored by eGFR remained stable over two years of treatment. Change in Quality of Life Using the validated PedsQL™ score, investigators documented a significant and persistent improvement in patients who had switched from immediate-release cysteamine to PROCYSBI, over two years of treatment, in three measures: social function ( p = .049), school function ( p = .004), and in total function ( p = .048). Investigators assessed the subsequent change from all baseline values in the PedsQL™ and demonstrated that the changes persisted after two years of PROCYSBI therapy. Changes in physical and emotional quality of life scales over the two years of study were not changed. "Long-term control of WBC cystine depletion below 1 nmol has never been reported in a prospective manner in a cohort of patients," said Craig B. Langman, M.D., the Isaac A. Abt, M.D. professor of Kidney Diseases and head of pediatric kidney diseases at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and the Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, and the lead author on the paper. "Here, with delayed-release cysteamine, we provide two years of data demonstrating disease control, preservation of kidney function, stable somatic growth, and quality of life improvements. These data demonstrate that patients were able to remain adherent to their delayed-release cysteamine therapy for two years, something never before demonstrated in a controlled clinical trial in this population."
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