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Prospect Capital Shares May Rise Despite Accounting Games

Prospect Capital story updated from 10:25 a.m. with reference to shareholder lawsuit in eighth paragraph.

NEW YORK ( TheStreet) --  Prospect Capital's (PSEC - Get Report) accounting dispute with the Securities and Exchange Commission has scared investors, and for good reason. But the shares are likely to see a short-term rally once it's resolved, an event expected within one to five weeks.

The dispute draws attention to a questionable accounting maneuver by Prospect Capital's management that appears to line its own pockets at the expense of shareholders. But the SEC looks likely to prevail, which will provide a modest boost to earnings. Greedy and/or overly aggressive management may be a longer-term worry, but that risk appears to be understood by the market and will likely remain in the background as long as the economy keeps improving.

Prospect is one of the riskiest bets in a space referred to as business development companies, publicly traded lenders that target small to mid-sized companies, pay few if any taxes and distribute large dividends to investors.

That the market views Prospect as high risk can be inferred from its dividend yield, says KBW analyst Greg Kelly. Prospect's yield is a whopping 13.29% compared to more conservatively run Golub Capital BDC Inc. (GBDC - Get Report), which offers 7.56% yield as of Wednesday's close.

Unlike nearly all other BDCs, Prospect acquires companies outright rather than lending to them. Kelly says there is just one other BDC among the 30 he covers that owns any companies and that BDC, Solar Capital (SLRC), owns just one.

Prospect shares dropped 5% to $10.20 May 7, after the company disclosed the dispute with the SEC in its 2014 fiscal third-quarter earnings filing. They have been fairly weak since then and were quoted at $9.97 as of the close of trading Wednesday.

Shares opened slightly higher Thursday after Evercore Partners upgraded the stock to "equal weight," and remained up a nickel at $10.02 even after a class action law firm announced an "investigation" into what it called "violations of federal securities laws." A press release gave few details, but referred to losses resulting from the accounting dispute with the SEC.  

Slightly more detailed allegations, along with an actual lawsuit, came from a different law firm on Wednesday. A press release announcing the suit from Block & Leviton LLP states Prospect "was suffering from grossly deficient internal controls and therefore was susceptible to accounting fraud."

Prospect drew the SEC's attention for treating equity investments in seven of the companies in its portfolio as debt. Thus, when it receives a distribution from those companies, Prospect classifies the distribution as interest income. If the investment is classified as equity, as the SEC believes it should be, the distribution would be considered dividend income only if the portfolio company earns enough to cover the dividend. If earnings are insufficient, it must be classified as a return of capital.

If the distribution is a return of capital rather than an outgrowth of earnings, Prospect's net investment income would decline, which would require the BDC's management to return incentive fees it gets based on that metric. While KBW's Kelly estimates the return of those fees would likely add no more than 10 cents per share to Prospect's earnings, it is still a positive for shareholders.

Prospect President and COO Grier Eliasek acknowledged this point during the question and answer session following a May 20 presentation at a conference hosted by Wells Fargo.

Through a restatement, our net income would go up, shareholders will make more money, net income will go up, net asset value will go up, taxable earnings will go up, where we've undistributed in the bank $60 million of excess, that will go up. And we haven't quantified exactly by how much, but it's only positive for shareholders. So while the stock dropped 8% in two weeks, SEC restatement, sell first, ask questions later. The reality is, shareholders got more money in their pockets.

Another positive for shareholders arising from the dispute is that Prospect has put equity issuance on hold until the issue is resolved.

"Folks who were worried about equity issuance ... that's done for a while," Eliasek added.

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