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Carl Icahn Shopping for an Army of Retail Investors

Stocks in this article: EBAY AAPL

NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- Carl Icahn is championing a broad-based uprising of shareholder activism. He wants to get retail investors involved with his missions. While there are many benefits, the hurdles to this type of effort are great.

Icahn's recent shareholder activism efforts have focused on eBay (EBAY), where he pushed for new directors on its board, and Apple (AAPL), where he pushed the company to use its large cash holdings. In both efforts, he had some level of success.

However, it will be very difficult to get retail investors active because:

  • Most retail investors don't invest as their primary source of income. This means that filing proxy forms is competing for limited free time with family time and hobbies. To get anyone's free time, there needs to be a worthwhile reward for the time spent.
  • Institutions, such as mutual funds, which own shares indirectly for individuals, are notorious for either not voting or simply going along with what the board recommends. For index funds especially, voting with the company is the cheapest option and is the safe move,  so many institutions do that.
  • Most retail investors don't research companies enough to find potential changes that would have a positive impact both because of the time involved and also the depth of knowledge on the business model required. If the investing public were left to its own devices to come up with ideas for corporate change, there would be hundreds of strange and probably self-serving ideas generated.
  • Lastly, the public is too fractured as a group to rally around one crowd-sourced idea and push for it. To get any of the suggestions to catch on, the idea needs positive publicity and support from well-respected individuals.

Because of the hurdles noted above, this widespread shareholder activism can't get off the ground without a "general" everyone can follow into battle. Ideally, this person will do the hard part and hunt down the opportunities that can produce the biggest positive changes that aren't overly self-serving

Recently, Icahn has been on a publicity tour pushing his site, Shareholders Square Table, and in general trying to engender a positive public image. I think he's working toward being this general, which can point retail investors toward a specific topic and lead the effort in pushing for beneficial change.

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