Feb. 27, 2014
/PRNewswire/ -- Cell Therapeutics, Inc. (CTI) (NASDAQ and MTA: CTIC) today reported that the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), the independent body responsible for driving improvement and excellence in the health and social care system in the UK, has published final guidance recommending prescription of PIXUVRI
(pixantrone) as a cost-effective monotherapy for the treatment of adult patients with multiply relapsed or refractory aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (aggressive B-cell NHL), which includes diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. CTI estimates that there are approximately 1,600 to 1,800 people in the UK diagnosed with multiply relapsed aggressive B-cell NHL per year.
"NICE's final guidance on PIXUVRI means that physicians in
now have access to the only approved therapy for their patients with aggressive B-cell NHL in the third- and fourth-line salvage setting,"
James A. Bianco
, M.D., President and Chief Executive Officer of CTI. "We hope the NHS commissioners will recognize the lack of suitable treatment options that exist for patients at this stage of the disease and list PIXUVRI on hospital formularies as soon as possible."
The final guidance determines PIXUVRI cost effective and recommends prescription of PIXUVRI as an option for certain people with histologically confirmed aggressive B-cell NHL, who have previously received rituximab and are receiving PIXUVRI as a third- or fourth-line treatment, for as long as CTI makes the Patient Access Scheme (PAS) available. The PAS is a confidential pricing and access agreement with the
Department of Health.
Publication of the final guidance by NICE follows the final appraisal determination, or FAD, that was issued in
. Now that the final guidance is published, the NHS is expected to implement it within 90 days. CTI expects to officially launch PIXUVRI in
this spring, after the FAD has been largely implemented. For more information on NICE's final guidance, go to
About PIXUVRI (pixantrone)
PIXUVRI is a novel aza-anthracenedione with unique structural and physiochemical properties. Unlike related compounds, PIXUVRI forms stable DNA adducts and in preclinical models has superior anti-lymphoma activity compared to related compounds. PIXUVRI was structurally designed so that it cannot bind iron and perpetuate oxygen radical production or form a long-lived hydroxyl metabolite -- both of which are the putative mechanisms for anthracycline induced acute and chronic cardiotoxicity. These novel pharmacologic properties allow PIXUVRI to be administered to patients with near maximal lifetime exposure to anthracyclines without unacceptable rates of cardiotoxicity.
In May 2012, the European Commission (EC) granted conditional marketing authorization for PIXUVRI as a monotherapy for the treatment of adult patients with multiply relapsed or refractory aggressive NHL. The benefit of PIXUVRI treatment has not been established in patients when used as fifth line or greater chemotherapy in patients who are refractory to last therapy. The Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) has the full prescribing information, including the safety and efficacy profile of PIXUVRI in the approved indication. The SmPC is available at
. PIXUVRI does not have marketing approval in the
NHL is the sixth most common cancer in the UK; in 2010, 12,180 people were diagnosed with the disease.
NHL is caused by the abnormal proliferation of lymphocytes, cells that are key to the functioning of the immune system. It usually originates in lymph nodes and spreads through the lymphatic system. NHL can be broadly classified into two main forms—aggressive and indolent NHL. Aggressive NHL is a rapidly growing form of the disease that moves into advanced stages much faster than indolent NHL, which progresses more slowly.
There are many subtypes of NHL, but aggressive B-cell NHL is the most common and accounts for about 55 percent of NHL cases.
After initial therapy for aggressive NHL with anthracycline-based combination therapy, one-third of patients typically develop progressive disease.
Approximately half of these patients are likely to be eligible for intensive second-line treatment and stem cell transplantation, although 50 percent are expected not to respond.
For those patients who fail to respond or relapse following second-line treatment, treatment options are limited, and usually palliative only.
About Conditional Marketing Authorization
Similar to accelerated approval regulations in the United States, conditional marketing authorizations are granted in the E.U. to medicinal products with a positive benefit/risk assessment that address unmet medical needs and whose availability would result in a significant public health benefit. A conditional marketing authorization is renewable annually. Under the provisions of the conditional marketing authorization for PIXUVRI, CTI will be required to complete a post-marketing study aimed at confirming the clinical benefit previously observed.
The European Medicines Agency's Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use has accepted PIX306, CTI's ongoing randomized controlled Phase 3 clinical trial, which compares PIXUVRI-rituximab to gemcitabine-rituximab in patients who have relapsed after one to three prior regimens for aggressive B‑cell NHL and who are not eligible for autologous stem cell transplant. As a condition of approval, CTI has agreed to have available the PIX306 clinical trial results by June 2015.