Incyte Corporation (Nasdaq: INCY) announced today that more than 35 analyses from clinical studies of Jakafi
(ruxolitinib) were presented at the 2013 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting from Dec. 7 to 10 in New Orleans. Jakafi, an oral JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor, is FDA-approved for the treatment of patients with intermediate or high-risk myelofibrosis (MF).
“Myelofibrosis is a debilitating, life-threatening blood cancer with limited treatment options. It is, therefore, rewarding to see that the expanding body of clinical data for Jakafi shows durable reductions in spleen volume and clinically meaningful improvements in health-related quality of life measures and supports a survival benefit for patients,” stated Paul A. Friedman, M.D., Incyte’s Chief Executive Officer and President.
Ruben Mesa, M.D., Deputy Director, Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Chair, Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Mayo Clinic in Arizona; and creator of the Myelofibrosis Symptom Assessment Form, an evidence-based tool used in the COMFORT trials to measure quality of life and symptomatic response to treatment, stated, “Given the growing evidence of a potential survival benefit for Jakafi-treated patients, it’s important to note that data from COMFORT-I suggest that dose titration and close monitoring of blood counts early in the course of Jakafi treatment are more likely to help patients remain on drug therapy, achieve and maintain improvements in spleen volume and symptoms, and improve survival.”
Highlights of Key Data Presented
- Verstovsek, S, et al. Long-term outcomes of ruxolitinib therapy in patients with myelofibrosis: 3-year update from COMFORT-I.After a median three-year follow-up of patients in COMFORT-I, ruxolitinib treatment continued to maintain the previously reported reductions in spleen volume and improvements in quality of life measures. Overall survival favored patients originally randomized to ruxolitinib over those originally randomized to placebo (HR=0.69; 95% CI: 0.46-1.03; P=0.067). Additionally, because of the early crossover design in COMFORT-I, at the time of this analysis, patients originally randomized to placebo had been on ruxolitinib therapy a median of approximately two years, more than twice as long as their median time on placebo. Analyses were presented to show that because of the longer time these patients received Jakafi than placebo, the magnitude of the survival benefit observed may be underestimated relative to a comparison of ruxolitinib to a true placebo.Consistent with the results previously reported from the median two-year follow-up, new or worsening grade 3 or 4 anemia and thrombocytopenia occurred early in the course of treatment and then decreased in frequency with longer-term therapy. In addition, there was no apparent change in the frequency or severity of new or worsening non-hematologic adverse events over time.The slides used during the presentation can be accessed at: ASH 2013 - Verstovsek.
- Vannucchi, A, et al. A pooled overall survival analysis of the COMFORT studies: 2 randomized Phase III trials of ruxolitinib for the treatment of myelofibrosis.In a pooled analysis of COMFORT-I and COMFORT-II, intermediate-2– and high-risk patients randomized to treatment with ruxolitinib had significantly prolonged survival compared to those randomized to placebo or best available therapy (HR = 0.65; 95% CI, 0.46-0.90; P = .01). Additionally, patients with high-risk myelofibrosis who were initially randomized to treatment with ruxolitinib had an estimated survival similar to patients with intermediate-2-risk myelofibrosis in the control group. Further analysis that corrects for the early crossover to ruxolitinib suggests that the survival benefit may be underestimated because patients in the placebo and best available therapy arms could cross over to receive ruxolitinib therapy. The authors also suggest that the survival benefit observed with ruxolitinib may be the result of multiple treatment effects, such as spleen volume reduction, improvement in symptoms, and improvement in nutritional status, which warrants further study.The poster for this presentation can be accessed at ASH 2013 - Vannucchi.
Other data related to Jakafi presented at ASH include:
- Passamonti F, et al. Impact of Ruxolitinib on the Natural History of Patients with Primary Myelofibrosis: a Retrospective Comparison of the DIPSS and the COMFORT-II CohortsAn overall survival analysis was conducted, comparing ruxolitinib-treated patients with primary MF from the COMFORT-II study with patients in the Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS) database. The cohort in the DIPSS database represents a multi-center group receiving conventional treatments. Consistent with the findings from the three-year follow-up analysis from COMFORT-I and the pooled analysis of COMFORT-I and COMFORT-II data, overall survival favored ruxolitinib over conventional therapy. In this analysis, ruxolitinib treatment appeared to reduce the risk of death by approximately one-half compared to conventional treatments (HR =0.51; 95% CI: 0.30-0.88).The poster for this presentation can be accessed at ASH 2013 - Passamonti.
- Kvansnicka HM, et al. Effects of Five Years of Ruxolitinib Therapy on Bone Marrow Morphology in Patients With Myelofibrosis and Comparison with Best Available TherapyAn exploratory analysis of bone marrow morphology over five years in 68 patients from the ruxolitinib Phase II study suggests that ruxolitinib may stabilize or improve bone marrow fibrosis in patients with myelofibrosis. A higher percentage of ruxolitinib-treated patients showed stabilization or improvement of bone marrow fibrosis at 24, 48, and 60 months compared to a separate historical control cohort of patients treated with best available therapy. The authors concluded that results from this analysis strongly suggest that sustained JAK1/JAK2 inhibition may be disease-modifying in myelofibrosis. Additional studies are needed to determine the clinical impact of this finding.The poster for this presentation can be accessed at ASH 2013 - Kvansnicka.
- Mesa RA, et al. Optimizing Dose Titration of Ruxolitinib: The COMFORT-I ExperienceThe objective of this analysis was to identify baseline patient characteristics for the selection of patients who may benefit from closer monitoring and dose titration after initiation of ruxolitinib therapy, based on findings from COMFORT-I. This analysis evaluated predictors of early dose reductions or anemia events in ruxolitinib-treated patients from the COMFORT-I trial. The authors concluded that a baseline platelet count less than 150 × 10 9/L or baseline hemoglobin less than 10 g/dL may be useful parameters to identify patients who are likely to require dose adjustments early in the course of ruxolitinib therapy.The poster for this presentation can be accessed at ASH 2013 - Mesa.
Jakafi is an oral, selective inhibitor of Janus kinases 1 and 2 (JAK1 and JAK2). Jakafi is indicated for treatment of patients with intermediate or high-risk myelofibrosis (MF), including primary MF, post-polycythemia vera MF and post-essential thrombocythemia MF. This life-threatening blood cancer is characterized by bone marrow failure, enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) and debilitating symptoms.