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OCZ Technology's Bears Win; Toshiba Buys Remains

NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- OCZ Technology (OCZ - Get Report), after more than 10 years of fighting for market share and profit, finally succumbed to Intel (INTC - Get Report), Seagate (STX - Get Report), and Western Digital (WDC - Get Report). OCZ investors and employees won't celebrate the holidays the same way this year. For many, Toshiba's announcement Wednesday it is buying nearly all assets didn't come as a big surprise.

OCZ's downfall was one of the slower train wrecks by Wall Street standards. I have traded bankruptcies many times, and they all generally follow the same path. For investors who haven't experienced a stock they own declaring bankruptcy, I'll explain what to expect based on what we already know.

Here is OCZ's announcement in part:

"...on November 25, 2013, it received notices that Hercules Technology Growth Capital, Inc. ("Hercules") took exclusive control of the company's depository accounts at Silicon Valley Bank and Wells Fargo. As set forth in the company's recent SEC filings, Hercules and the company are parties to a loan and security agreement."

"The company has received an offer from Toshiba Corporation to acquire substantially all of the company's assets in a bankruptcy proceeding. The parties have substantially completed negotiations on an asset purchase agreement and OCZ believes that all the material terms have been agreed to. The agreement is subject to various conditions: the preservation of the value of the business, including the retention of employees, the negotiation and execution of definitive documentation, the filing of bankruptcy petitions by the company and certain of its subsidiaries."

[Read: How to Profit From Nuance's Crash]

The stock was halted Wednesday for the announcement, and upon opening, dropped to 35 cents a share from about 63 cents a share. After another exchange circuit breaker halt, the shares fell to 20 cents. The second halt was a failure on the part of the Security and Exchange Committee to craft circuit breaker rules for the real world, but I digress. I (and many other professional traders) used the time during the trading halts to place short orders as we want to get short as many shares as quickly as possible. Trading volume spiked and by the end of the day more than 17 million shares changed hands.

One would think shares in a bankrupt company would immediately fall to zero, but that's not what usually happens. According to the efficient market hypothesis, rational investors won't buy a stock with zero value, but they do (so will I). Buyers fall into three categories.

[Read: Yes, BlackBerry Is a Buy]

The first I will call the smart money. They are the short sellers that shorted from much higher, and their bear thesis was correct. They're now taking profits (buying to cover) because on a percentage basis they have gained almost all of the total possible. A subset of the short sellers is traders that shorted as soon as they could after the announcement. I fall into this category often.

The second is the greater-fool traders, trying to catch a falling knife by timing the fall. They know the shares are (near) valueless, but they also know even bankruptcy stocks don't travel in straight lines. They're hoping to find a greater fool who will buy their worthless shares for even more money than they paid. They have to be extremely quick because they know each day brings the shares closer to zero.

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