CHICAGO, Nov. 19, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- New mortgage rules will take effect in January of 2014 and the residential real estate market could be in for some major changes. What affect will this have on people seeing to purchase or refinance a home?
"These new rules were designed to protect consumers and ensure that borrowers are qualified and able to repay their mortgages. They work in tandem with rules that provide for increased background checks and licensing requirements for those who originate mortgages," says Neena Vlamis, president and co-owner of A & N Mortgage Services, Inc.
"Licensed Mortgage Originators, like those of us at A & N, are subject to rules in the same way lawyers, doctors or CPAs are licensed and are subject to annual reporting and continuing education," Vlamis continued.
Among the new rules are:
- Borrowers' debt-to-income ratios can't exceed 43 percent compared to the current rate of 45 percent. The lower the debt-to-income ratio, the more affordable the property should be for the buyer. However, a temporary exception will be granted for loans that are eligible to be sold or insured by Freddie Mac, Fannie Mae, FHA or VA. This will help buyers because the vast majority of borrowers' loans are purchased by the "three Fs."
- Origination fees can't exceed three percent of the loan. This makes loans more affordable for consumers, but mortgage brokers will struggle, according to Vlamis.
- Interest-only, negative amortization and balloon house loans can't be resold into the secondary house loan market. According to Vlamis, these types of loans are higher risk products and have a higher default rate than conventional fixed or adjustable rate mortgages. Jumbo loans will be harder to qualify for as well because more cash reserves and credit scores over 700 may be required.
- Mortgages that don't meet the standards for a "Qualified Mortgage" (QM), as defined by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), could expose lenders to lawsuits. However, borrowers won't be able to sue lenders who follow the rules.
- Homeowners also will get renewed protections when they fall behind on payments. This will help reduce foreclosure rates, which benefits homeowners, neighborhoods and the economy overall.