Updated from 12:33 p.m. ET with market close information.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average
The Department of Labor said the U.S. economy added 204,000 nonfarm jobs during October. That number came in much higher than the consensus estimate of 114,000 among economists polled by Thomson Reuters.The Labor Department also revised upward its job-growth estimates for the previous months. The agency's estimate for nonfarm payroll growth for August increased to 238,000 from 193,000, and the estimate for September payroll growth increased to 163,000 from 148,000. But all was not rosy in the employment report, and this may have eased investors' fears that strong employment growth numbers might force a quicker change in Federal Reserve policy than previously expected. The national unemployment rate rose slightly to 7.3% in October from 7.2% in September, and the labor participation rate declined by 0.4% to 62.8% during the month. "The civilian labor force was down by 720,000 in October," the Labor Department said. "That's a sizable drop," Wells Fargo Private Bank regional chief investment officer Darrell Cronk said early on Friday. "That means quite a few people fell out of the labor force and I think we would have [seen] a higher spike in the unemployment rate had we not seen such a great drop in the labor force participation rate." "Four tenths of one percent is the biggest one-month move down that we've seen" in the labor force participation rate in 2013, Cronk added. The positive market reaction on Friday indicates investors saw enough negative information in the unemployment report to stave off fears that the Federal Open Market Committee might begin reducing "QE3" bond purchases by the Federal Reserve following its next meeting on Dec. 17 to 18. The Fed has been purchasing a net $45 billion in long-term U.S. Treasury securities and $40 billion in long-term agency mortgage-backed securities each month since September 2012, in an effort to hold down long-term interest rates.
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