The European Central Bank Plays a Logical Song
NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- When U.S. policymakers pushed austerity and high unemployment, cutting the deficit in half despite sluggish growth, the Federal Reserve stepped in with its program of quantitative easing.
Economists and analysts are still arguing over the impact of QE, but the alternative was to do nothing, because the usual weapon of monetary choice, cutting interest rates, was no longer available. Interest rates had fallen to near-zero.
The situation is often called "pushing on a string" or a "liquidity trap," and it now seems Europe is in it with us.
In a surprise move yesterday, the European Central Bank cut its key interest rate in half. That sounds like a lot, but it was actually just a one-quarter point cut, from 0.50% to 0.25% on refinancing.The response by markets can be described as "meh." Most European stock markets are down this morning. So is the value of the euro. Europeans seem divided on the bank's action, locked as they are in their own intellectual straitjackets. Rolf Wenkel of Deutsche Welle calls the move a "risky game" and remains more fearful of inflation than deflation. England's The Economist insists the bank was forced to act, noting that Europe's inflation rate is now lower than Japan's, where deflation has been the problem for a decade. What it looks like to me is that Europe, Japan and the U.S. are all in the same boat, pushing on strings to jump-start economies when a better solution -- simply spending money -- is clearly at hand. I know. The debt, the debt, the debt. There are many Europeans who say the same thing, that the debt must be paid and no new loans should be taken out. But a fiscal policy of austerity pulls money out of the economy. When governments spend less, there is less spending. When they keep taxes high, there's less in the economy to tax. If you want more spending, if you need more spending, here's a crazy idea: spend. I should watch what I say here or they'll be calling me, in the words of Supertramp's The Logical Song, "a radical, a liberal, fanatical, criminal." There are times when all the world's asleep, preferring truth-tellers to be "acceptable, respectable, presentable, a vegetable." That's just the kind of criticism dished out regularly at economists such as Paul Krugman who say the cure for low spending is more spending. There are entire blogs devoted purely to ridiculing the very notion. I'm showing my age here, but the Supertramp song came out in 1979, a time when our problems seemed equally intractable, only in the opposite direction. Back then it seemed that inflation was inevitable and, as Marvin Goodfriend of the Richmond Fed later recalled, the Fed responded with policies targeting interest rates to break inflation's back when politicians refused to act. When conventional political wisdom runs counter to what the economy needs, when fiscal policy comes off the table, we increasingly expect central bankers to save us. We expect the economic system to push policies opposite to what politicians are implementing, to take away the financial punch bowl in 1979, to leave it out and even spike it in 2013. But the result is always going to be unsatisfactory, an economic hangover. The 1970s were called the decade of "stagflation," a time when growth was stagnant with inflation rampant. We're going through a similar period today, and for the same reason. We'd rather believe what we choose to believe, and expect bankers to magically make things better. But bankers' powers are limited. Until we all trade ideology for bankerly practicality, the underlying economy is not going to change. It's only logical. Follow @danafblankenhor This article was written by an independent contributor, separate from TheStreet's regular news coverage.
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