This Day On The Street
Continue to site
This account is pending registration confirmation. Please click on the link within the confirmation email previously sent you to complete registration.
Need a new registration confirmation email? Click here

Steady Funds for Rough Markets

NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- Seeking to reach investors traumatized by the financial crisis, exchange-traded funds companies have introduced low-volatility funds. The funds focus on the steadiest stocks, often emphasizing sectors such as utilities, consumer staples, and health care.

ETFs that appeared in the last couple years include PowerShares S&P 500 Low Volatility (SPLV), SPDR Russell 1000 Low Volatility (LGLV), and iShares MSCI Emerging Markets Minimum Volatility (EEMV).

When they first appeared, many of the funds seemed to be riding a wave of success. During the decade ended in 2012, low-volatility strategies excelled.

For the period, the average utility mutual fund returned 10%, compared with 7.1% for the S&P 500, according to Morningstar. But lately the low-volatility funds have looked less compelling. This year, PowerShares S&P 500 Low-Volatility returned 16.1%, compared with 20.6% for the S&P 500.

Are the low-volatility funds a fad that will soon pass? Not necessarily.

According to academic research, low-volatility stocks tend to excel in downturns and lag in bull markets. Over long periods, the low-volatility strategies can about match -- or slightly exceed -- standard benchmarks.

What makes the volatility strategies appealing is that they have less risk than standard approaches.

"The main objective of low-volatility strategies is risk reduction -- not necessarily outperformance," says David Koenig, investment strategist for Russell Indexes.

To appreciate how the new ETFs can perform in downturns, consider the recent record of iShares MSCI Emerging Markets Minimum Volatility. With markets in Latin America and Asia facing headwinds, the minimum volatility ETF lost 0.5% this year, outperforming the standard iShares MSCI Emerging Markets (EEM), which lost 5.1%. That showing is very different from what occurred in the second half of 2012 when emerging markets rallied.

For the period, the emerging-market minimum volatility ETF gained 12.2%, lagging iShares MSCI Emerging Markets, which returned 14.1%. By limiting losses in downturns, the minimum-volatility ETF outperformed during the past 12 months, returning 7.1%%, compared with 3% for the standard iShares emerging-market ETF.

The low-volatility ETFs tend to shine in downturns because many of their big holdings -- such as staples and utilities -- deliver consistent earnings. Even during recessions, demand remains steady for companies that provide food, toothpaste, and electric power. As a result, investors flock to the low-volatility stocks in hard times.

1 of 2

Check Out Our Best Services for Investors

Action Alerts PLUS

Portfolio Manager Jim Cramer and Director of Research Jack Mohr reveal their investment tactics while giving advanced notice before every trade.

Product Features:
  • $2.5+ million portfolio
  • Large-cap and dividend focus
  • Intraday trade alerts from Cramer
Quant Ratings

Access the tool that DOMINATES the Russell 2000 and the S&P 500.

Product Features:
  • Buy, hold, or sell recommendations for over 4,300 stocks
  • Unlimited research reports on your favorite stocks
  • A custom stock screener
Stocks Under $10

David Peltier uncovers low dollar stocks with serious upside potential that are flying under Wall Street's radar.

Product Features:
  • Model portfolio
  • Stocks trading below $10
  • Intraday trade alerts
14-Days Free
Only $9.95
14-Days Free
To begin commenting right away, you can log in below using your Disqus, Facebook, Twitter, OpenID or Yahoo login credentials. Alternatively, you can post a comment as a "guest" just by entering an email address. Your use of the commenting tool is subject to multiple terms of service/use and privacy policies - see here for more details.
Submit an article to us!
AAPL $124.75 0.00%
FB $80.78 0.00%
GOOG $524.05 0.00%
TSLA $206.79 0.00%
YHOO $44.45 0.00%


DOW 17,826.30 -279.47 -1.54%
S&P 500 2,081.18 -23.81 -1.13%
NASDAQ 4,931.8150 -75.9760 -1.52%

Partners Compare Online Brokers

Free Reports

Top Rated Stocks Top Rated Funds Top Rated ETFs