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NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- Earlier in the month, I wrote about the troublesome scenarios developing in peripheral emerging market economies, and this week's performance in Southeast Asian equities helps confirm the bearish outlook. Relative to global stocks, the benchmark MSCI Southeast Asia Index has entered bear market territory and is falling at its fastest rate in more than a decade -- down 11% this month and more than 20% from its yearly high.
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These declines have come largely as a result of reductions in foreign holdings, which have dropped for three straight months. In August, $2.2 billion in Indonesian, Philippine and Thai stock shares have been sold as investors look to avoid risk and position themselves for stimulus cutbacks from the
Federal Reserve. Some outlets (such as state pension funds in Thailand and Indonesia) view these moves as a buying opportunity. But at this stage, there is little reason to believe we have reached a bottom in emerging market assets -- and more declines will likely be seen in coming months.
Negatives Outweigh the Positives
On the positive side, valuations look cheap. The MSCI Southeast Asia Index is now trading at 1.8 times net assets, which, for the first time in four years, is below the multiple seen in the MSCI All-Country World Index. But the negatives are overwhelming, and the bearish price momentum is not something that will be easily overcome. The Philippine Stock Exchange (PCOMP) has posted losses of 14% this month. The Jakarta Composite Index is lower by 13%, and the Thai stock benchmark (SET) has fallen 10% during the same period. The SET now trades at forward price-to-earnings ratio of 11, which is the lowest valuation in more than a year and firmly below the MSCI All-Country index (with its forward P/E of 13).
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But when looking at things from a historical perspective, there is little reason to believe this bear market has run its course. Over the last 20 years, bear markets in the MSCI Southeast Asia Index have lasted an average of 10 months. The current bear market has been in place for just three months. Central banks in emerging Asia are looking for strategies to stabilize the financial environment but current account deficits in many of these regions have spooked foreign investors unwilling to take on the added risk with no indication of suitable rewards near term.