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NEW YORK (
The Deal) --
BATS Global Markets Inc. and
Direct Edge Holdings have agreed to merge in a deal that will leapfrog the exchange operators ahead of
Nasdaq OMX Group(NDAQ - Get Report) as the second-largest U.S. equity trading venue.
The new company will have its headquarters in Kansas City, where BATS is currently located, and sit just behind
NYSE Euronext(NYX), which has the largest market share of U.S. equity trading at close to 30%.
Nasdaq has a 16% share, while BATS and Direct Edge will have a combined share of around 21%.
BATS chief executive Joe Ratterman will remain in his role with Direct Edge chief executive William O'Brien to act as president.
Financial terms for the all-stock deal were not disclosed. The merger is subject to regulatory approval and set to close in the first half of 2014.
"This agreement is an important milestone for the US equities market and other markets around the globe as it will combine two organizations that have been innovative in creating a more competitive marketplace to benefit all investors," said Mr Ratterman.
Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. equity research analyst Brad Hintz said the deal would pressure the market shares of the NYSE and Nasdaq "because clearing of equity trades is a utility, the equity exchange business model has become a very competitive, scale business with no barriers to entry," he said.
Combining the exchanges would enable more volume to be sent across a single technology platform and reduce the cost per trade, Hintz noted. This would allow the BATS/Direct Edge venue to pass through savings and ultimately capture more volume, he said.
Much global exchange consolidation is being driven by a desire to combine flagging cash-equity trading revenues with increasingly popular derivative products. Last week's trading glitch and resulting shutdown in trading for all Nasdaq securities for three hours prompted questions over market integrity.
IntercontinentalExchange Inc. is working to complete its agreed $10.2 billion acquisition of NYSE Euronext, announced in December. Last year,
Hong Kong Exchanges & Clearing Ltd. bought the
London Metal Exchange Ltd. for $2.2 billion.
Tokyo Stock Exchange Group Inc. --once a key venue for foreign company listings--combined its cash equities business with the growing derivatives platform of the
Osaka Securities Exchange Co. Ltd. through a merger in January.