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NEW YORK (
Moody's Investor Service on Thursday said it was reviewing whether it will continue to assume the U.S. government will bailout the nation's largest banks when setting its bond ratings.
As a result, the agency said it could cut bond ratings for four of the nation's largest banks, and is uncertain whether other firms will also face the prospect of downgrades.
The review comes nearly five years after the U.S. Treasury injected capital into Wall Street's largest banks, all of which was later repaid, with interest. The action by Moody's could lead to ratings downgrades for
JPMorgan(JPM - Get Report),
Morgan Stanley(MS) and
Wells Fargo(WFC - Get Report).
Moody's is undecided on whether its review would lead to a downgrade of bond ratings for
Bank of America(BAC - Get Report) or
Citigroup(C - Get Report).
"Moody's Investors Service has placed the senior and subordinated debt ratings of the holding companies for the six largest US banks on review as it considers reducing its government (or systemic) support assumptions to reflect the impact of US bank resolution policies," the agency said in a bulletin on Thursday. It will also review ratings for trust banks
State Street(STT) and
Bank of New York Mellon(BK).
The review follows the ratings agency's March 2013 announcement that it would reassess its assumption that bank holding companies would receive support from the U.S. government. Currently, regulators are in the process of implementing resolution plans that seek to unwind failing banks in a way that wouldn't create havoc in financial markets or force the government to put taxpayer money at risk.
This year, large banks submitted so-called 'living wills' to the
Federal Reserve to address how they would sell or resolve their sprawling businesses in a time of crisis.
Fitch Ratings holds many of the largest banks in the U.S. on review for a downgrade, but has said it no longer credits banks with the assumption that they will receive government support.
The review by Moody's could lead to the downgrade of seemingly strong banks such as Wells Fargo and JPMorgan. However, the agency said that improvements in the strength of Bank of America and Citigroup -- two of the biggest recipients of crisis-time bailouts -- might not create the need for a negative ratings review.
As post-crisis regulations evolve, Moody's plans to assess the opposing forces that may have an impact on bondholders at the holding company level should a bank become financially distressed. It noted that a lower level of systemic support could result in a higher probability of default for banks, however, orderly resolutions and a required minimum level of holding company debt may well limit losses in a default.
"In the past year, we have seen progress towards establishing a framework to credibly resolve these large systemically-important banks, as called for under the Dodd-Frank Act," Robert Young, a Moody's Managing Director, said in a statement. "We have also seen greater cooperation and discussion among international banking regulators to manage the coordinated resolution of global banking groups."
Moody's placed Goldman Sach's A3 senior debt rating, JPMorgan's A2 senior debt rating, Morgan Stanley's Baa1 senior debt rating and Wells Fargo's A2 senior debt rating on review for a downgrade. It did not specify the magnitude of prospective ratings cuts.
The direction of Bank of America and Citigroup's Baa2 senior debt ratings are uncertain.
In June of 2012, Moody's
cut the ratings of 15 of the worlds largest banks, citing the impact of new regulations on bank earnings and the financial risks they take when dealing in capital markets. In that string of downgrades, the agency cut Morgan Stanley, JPMorgan, Goldman Sachs and Citigroup's ratings by two notches.
-- Written by Antoine Gara in New YorkFollow @antoinegara