This Day On The Street
Continue to site
This account is pending registration confirmation. Please click on the link within the confirmation email previously sent you to complete registration.
Need a new registration confirmation email? Click here

DoJ's Antitrust Suit Against American Isn't Anti-Business

NEW YORK ( TheStreet) -- Antitrust isn't always anti-business.

The Department of Justice's decision to block American Airlines (AAMRQ.PK) proposed merger with US Airways (LCC) as the near 60,0000-employee strong airline seeks to exit bankruptcy may strike some as particularly business unfriendly, however, it could also come with long-term economic benefits that are hard to presently see.

The DoJ's intervention in what would be the fourth mega-airline merger in the last handful of years may be politically motivated and it may raise uncertainty for American's thousands of pilots, flight attendants and operations staff. Investors, meanwhile, are bracing for weaker pricing power and profit margins across the airline industry.

Still, while antitrust actions are troubling to investors and C-Suites, they can often be an economic stimulus that spawns new businesses, increased revenue streams for large firms and overall economic growth.

Two years ago, the DoJ's move to block AT&T's (T) $39 billion takeover of T-Mobile (TMUS) was taken by some as indicative of a bent for anti-business political grandstanding within the Obama Administration. AT&T said its customers would lose valuable wireless service coverage and labor unions feared job losses. Some elected politicians even characterized the decision as the administration's "continued assault on the American economy."

As it turns out, the failed merger of two of the wireless industry's four largest players has been a tremendous stimulus to the telecom sector and ancillary tech services, hardware an infrastructure firms.

AT&T, instead of using consolidation as a means to grow its business, has just begun a multi-year $22 billion capital expenditure spending spree to bolster its overall infrastructure. That spending has filtered or is expected to filter its way into the earnings of firms such as Juniper Networks (JNPR), Ciena (CIEN), SkyWorks Solutions (SWKS), Peregrine Semiconductors (PSMI), TriQuint Semiconductor (TQNT) and Xilinx (XLNX).

Blue chip tech firms such as Oracle (ORCL), meanwhile, are using acquisitions to invest heavily in businesses that are tied to wireless industry end-markets. Intel (INTL) and Cisco (CSCO - Get Report) are also looking to shift stalled PC-oriented revenue streams towards mobile and wireless markets.

The failed AT&T and T-Mobile merger also led to a consolidation frenzy among struggling wireless carriers such as Sprint (S) that is now creating dramatically increased capital expenditure and competition across the industry. After acquiring MetroPCS, T-Mobile's recent earnings report even raises the prospect that average Americans could see an end to the chronic rise in price of smartphone data plans.

"I think the DoJ is probably turning cartwheels about how well everything is turning out," Craig Moffett, head of Moffett Research, said in a Thursday interview. The failed merger has bolstered the competitive position of price-cutters like Sprint and T-Mobile and led to rising capital investment across the industry, Moffett said. "You have Sprint spending like a drunken sailor and T-Mobile is aggressively lowering prices."

The DoJ's decision to intervene in American Airlines and U.S. Airways is very different to its work in the telecom sector. While some financially healthy carriers such as AT&T and Verizon are finally seeing an adequate return on the capital they invested in 3G and 4G wireless networks, airlines are generally operating at or below breakeven. Few airlines see themselves in a position to pay a meaningful dividend, if any.

American and U.S. Airways both say potential operating synergy in a merger would put their businesses in a better financial position to increase service and eventually reinvest in fleet and terminal upgrades. Those expectations are similar to United and Continental's recent mega-merger, which created the world's biggest airline.

David Newman, a partner at law firm Day Pitney said in a Wednesday telephone interview that American's proposed deal with US Airways and a string of previous consolidation among players like Delta (DAL), United (UAL - Get Report), Continental, Northwest and AirTran indicates just how commoditized the airline industry has become. Like other commodity businesses such as pharmacies, accounting firms and financial services, Newman said mergers of scale are a last resort option.

"This is just another example of an industry which believes it has to consolidate to survive," Newman said of American's proposed merger. In fact, American presently needs the merger to exit bankruptcy protection.

While both airlines and the DoJ are likely to continue publicly jawboning about whether the proposed merger is anti-competitive or ant-consumer, Newman expects a remedy to be negotiated behind the scenes.

American and U.S. Airways could divest overlapping routes and terminals in a deal that could be similar in substance to how Hertz (HTZ) worked for years to get in a position to acquire Dollar Thrifty (DTG).

Even if a deal can't be reached, there is reason to believe the failed consolidation could ultimately be a benefit to business and the overall economy.

Consolidation could occur among smaller airlines, potentially creating new national carriers. Meanwhile, a smaller-than-expected rationalization of the airline industry could cushion industry-wide spending on new aircraft and routes.

As investors, consumers and employees digest the DoJ's decision to block the merger of American and U.S. Airways, they should consider how the telecom sector has thrived in the wake of AT&T and T-Mobile's blocked deal. The potential for a failed merger may not be so bad after all and it could create opportunity.

-- Written by Antoine Gara in New York


Check Out Our Best Services for Investors

Action Alerts PLUS

Portfolio Manager Jim Cramer and Director of Research Jack Mohr reveal their investment tactics while giving advanced notice before every trade.

Product Features:
  • $2.5+ million portfolio
  • Large-cap and dividend focus
  • Intraday trade alerts from Cramer
Quant Ratings

Access the tool that DOMINATES the Russell 2000 and the S&P 500.

Product Features:
  • Buy, hold, or sell recommendations for over 4,300 stocks
  • Unlimited research reports on your favorite stocks
  • A custom stock screener
Stocks Under $10

David Peltier uncovers low dollar stocks with serious upside potential that are flying under Wall Street's radar.

Product Features:
  • Model portfolio
  • Stocks trading below $10
  • Intraday trade alerts
14-Days Free
Only $9.95
14-Days Free
Dividend Stock Advisor

David Peltier identifies the best of breed dividend stocks that will pay a reliable AND significant income stream.

Product Features:
  • Diversified model portfolio of dividend stocks
  • Updates with exact steps to take - BUY, HOLD, SELL
Trifecta Stocks

Every recommendation goes through 3 layers of intense scrutiny—quantitative, fundamental and technical analysis—to maximize profit potential and minimize risk.

Product Features:
  • Model Portfolio
  • Intra Day Trade alerts
  • Access to Quant Ratings
Real Money

More than 30 investing pros with skin in the game give you actionable insight and investment ideas.

Product Features:
  • Access to Jim Cramer's daily blog
  • Intraday commentary and news
  • Real-time trading forums
Only $49.95
14-Days Free
14-Days Free
LCC $0.00 0.00%
AAPL $109.49 -1.20%
CSCO $27.92 1.40%
UAL $52.26 1.30%
FB $92.40 0.00%


Chart of I:DJI
DOW 17,050.75 +138.46 0.82%
S&P 500 1,995.83 +15.91 0.80%
NASDAQ 4,810.7880 +19.6360 0.41%

Free Reports

Top Rated Stocks Top Rated Funds Top Rated ETFs