C&P operating income in the second quarter of 2013 was $732 million, an increase of $117 million, or 19%, from the first quarter of 2013. North America C&P operating income increased $85 million, or 20%, sequentially, primarily due to lower guar costs and increased demand for production enhancement services in the United States land market. Latin America C&P operating income improved by $20 million, or 71%, compared to the first quarter of 2013, due to increased demand for cementing services in Brazil and Mexico, and increased stimulation activity in Argentina. Europe/Africa/CIS C&P operating income increased $10 million, or 16%, sequentially, driven by higher cementing activity in Russia and Mozambique and increased demand for production enhancement services and completion tools sales in Norway. Middle East/Asia C&P operating income was flat compared to the first quarter, as increased stimulation activity in Southeast Asia and higher direct sales in China were partially offset by mobilization costs in Saudi Arabia.
Drilling and Evaluation
Drilling and Evaluation (D&E) revenue in the second quarter of 2013 was $3.0 billion, an increase of $80 million, or 3%, from the first quarter of 2013, as higher drilling activity in the Eastern Hemisphere more than offset the effects of the Canadian spring break-up and lower activity levels in Mexico.
D&E operating income in the second quarter of 2013 was $415 million, an increase of $8 million from the first quarter of 2013. North America D&E operating income declined $24 million, or 14%, sequentially, primarily due to lower drilling activity in the Gulf of Mexico and the effects of the Canadian spring break-up. Latin America D&E operating income decreased $28 million, or 35%, from the first quarter of 2013, as a result of higher costs in Brazil and lower drilling activity in Mexico, Ecuador, and Colombia. Europe/Africa/CIS D&E operating income increased $30 million, or 53%, sequentially, due to higher drilling activity in Angola and fluids demand in Russia. Middle East/Asia D&E operating income rose $30 million, or 31%, from the first quarter, as increased demand for drilling services in Saudi Arabia, higher drilling direct sales in China, and improved profitability in Iraq more than offset lower wireline direct sales in China.
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