The U.S. Department of Justice alleged that Apple's conspiracy was intended to challenge Amazon.com's (AMZN) dominance in the e-book market. Apple and book publishers allegedly colluded on ways to raise e-book prices above the $9.99 price tag Amazon often used.
"Apple chose to join forces with the publisher defendants to raise e-book prices and equipped them with the means to do so," said U.S. District Judge Denise Cote in her decision.
Cote said a new hearing will be scheduled to determine damages. Book publishers Hachette Book Group, Macmillan, HarperCollins Publishers, Penguin Group and Simon & Schuster all settled with the Department of Justice prior to the trial.An Apple spokesman said the company did not conspire to fix e-book pricing and will appeal the judge's decision.
In other news, the Securities and Exchange Commission has removed a ban on hedge funds using advertisements to raise money. The SEC voted 4 to 1 in favor of changing the rule, which will allow firms to advertise publicly to anyone they want. However, only accredited investors with a minimum net worth of $1 million, excluding their primary residence, or income of at least $200,000 a year for each of the prior two years will be permitted to invest in the private offerings. The rule was originally included in Congress' Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act last year, which aimed to help small businesses and create jobs. Hedge funds and other firms will able to begin advertising to the public later this year. Under the ban, hedge funds and similar companies were only allowed to market to wealthy individuals.
Lastly, Chinese investigators said executives of British drug company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK - Get Report) have confessed to acts of corruption within the company. According to the Ministry of Public Security, GlaxoSmithKline executives admitted to bribery and tax crimes in preliminary questioning. The ministry said in a statement that the individuals committed the fraudulent acts in order to sell products or raise prices.