Amarantus BioScience Holdings, Inc. (OTCQB: AMBS), a biotechnology company discovering and developing treatments and diagnostics for diseases associated with neurodegeneration and apoptosis, announces that positive neuroprotective properties for the Company’s MANF therapeutic were reported in a preclinical research study conducted by the Department of Orthopaedics at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, in Jinan, China. Specifically, a published abstract of the study concluded, “These findings demonstrate that MANF shows the potential to alleviate cell damage and inflammation in rat primary astrocytes by suppressing ER (endoplasmic reticulum) stress, indicating that MANF plays an important role in astrocyte inflammation and functioning and may suggest a promising strategy for neuroprotection in the central nervous system.”
“The findings from the study at Shandong University are consistent with the results we obtained in our own research with MANF on rat models for Parkinson’s disease, which were reported in March 2013,” said John W. Commissiong, Ph.D., Chief Scientific Officer of Amarantus. “We are very pleased that independent research is contributing to the further understanding of MANF. The protective activity demonstrated by this independent work clearly suggests MANF may have utility in the treatment of conditions such as stroke, post-stroke recovery, Traumatic Brain Injury and concussion, as well as having relevance to the use of MANF in Parkinson’s disease. We continue to conduct additional experiments with MANF in support of a planned Investigational New Drug (IND) application to the FDA.”
An abstract of the research report titled “ Mesencephalic Astrocyte-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Inhibits Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation-Induced Cell Damage and Inflammation by Suppressing Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Rat Primary Astrocytes,” was e-published in the Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, and is available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23760988. Glucose and oxygen deprivation is a common factor in conditions involving reduced blood flow to the brain. This places energy stress on cells such as astrocytes, which then become damaged, functionally impaired or even die. Release of inflammatory mediators from stressed astrocytes causes further damage to neurons, with resulting neurological impairment. The work from Shandong University suggests MANF may protect against such neurological damage by suppressing these pro-inflammatory changes in astrocytes.
The research abstract stated, “This current study investigates whether mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF) inhibits oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced cell damage and inflammatory cytokine secretion by suppressing endoplasmic reticulum stress in rat primary astrocytes. We found that MANF alleviated OGD-induced astrocyte damage and rescued the cell viability, and the upregulation of GRP78 (endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress marker) and NF-κB p65 (one of the central mediators of proinflammatory pathways) induced by OGD were significantly reduced by preincubation of MANF. In addition, the increases of secretion and mRNA expression levels of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in astrocytes induced by OGD were significantly suppressed by MANF.”