not a Credible Model for "Arab Spring" Countries
May 4, 2013
/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Warning signs are present for a genocide of indigenous Christians in the
, stated Professor Hannibal Travis in a speech delivered on Thursday as a part of CSI's lecture series on the
Future of Religious Minorities in Middle East
. He furthermore argued that the policies of
and its allies obstruct the advance of universal human rights norms in a region still grappling with the genocide of
's Christians during World War I.
Travis, Associate Professor of Law at
Florida International University
, noted a "pattern of reprisals against religious and ethnic groups believed to be friendly with the regime" in the Arab revolutions and civil wars which began in 2011. He cited many instances of anti-minority violence in these countries, including the attack on St. Mark's Cathedral in
, the ethnic cleansing of black Africans in
, and attacks on Christians in
Travis pointed to serious warning signs for genocide in countries like
, including civil war, demonization of groups, and institutionalized inequality between religious groups.
Explaining the United Nations' apparent apathy towards this crisis, Travis claimed that the UN often displays "inaction, double standards and incongruity" in its dealings with human rights issues, since those nations supported by voting blocs based on ethnic or religious proximity at the UN tend to escape scrutiny. He argued that
's leadership within the largest of these blocs, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, has resulted in the "neglect of human rights violations against the indigenous populations of
Mr. Travis also argued that, despite claims that
is a force for stability and can be seen as a "model" for democratic governance and tolerance,
remains economically underdeveloped and deeply hostile towards religious minorities. Travis claimed that
plays a negative role in the region by protecting human rights violators such as Sudanese President
, and supporting violent movements in former Ottoman territories like
, creating more conflict "as veterans of civil and international wars migrate from country to country."
Travis concluded that legal reforms in the United Nations system were required to "promote a universal application of human rights norms and genocide prevention." Travis suggested several possible reforms, including decoupling the International Criminal Court from UN Security Council referrals, introducing greater transparency and participation at the UN, exploring alternatives to regime change as a remedy for human rights violations, and protecting the cultural heritage of indigenous peoples.