April Report To Show Whether Weak Hiring Persisted
By CHRISTOPHER S. RUGABER
WASHINGTON (AP) â¿¿ A report Friday on April employment could show whether weak hiring in March marked a temporary lull or the fourth year in which a slumping economy has slowed job growth.
Economists predict that the job gains likely improved on March's 88,000 â¿¿ the fewest in nine months. But the hiring isn't expected to be much better. Most analysts think employers in April added more than 100,000 jobs but far fewer than the 196,000 that were added on average from September through February.
The unemployment rate is expected to remain unchanged at a still-high 7.6 percent.The Labor Department will release the report at 8:30 a.m. EDT. Economic figures in recent days have been mixed. The government said Thursday that the number of Americans applying for unemployment aid fell last week to a seasonally adjusted 324,000 â¿¿ the fewest since January 2008. Unemployment applications reflect the pace of layoffs: A steady drop means companies are shedding fewer workers. Eventually, they'll need to hire to meet customer demand or to replace workers who quit. At the same time, surveys have shown that hiring by private companies was weak and that manufacturing activity declined in April. And exports fell in March. The economy grew in the January-March quarter at an annual pace of 2.5 percent, much better than in the previous quarter. Economists worry, though, that federal spending cuts and higher Social Security taxes could hurt the economy. And new requirements under the federal health care law may be causing some small and midsize companies to hold back on hiring. Analysts forecast that growth will slow in the current quarter to 2 percent or less. That could mean that job growth will remain sluggish at least through summer. Economists at Bank of America Merrill Lynch forecast that the spending cuts could reduce April's job gains by 25,000. That figure would include layoffs by government agencies and defense contractors.
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