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While I'm not ready to change my mind on this sentiment, Wells Fargo's first-quarter earnings report did cause a bit of concern. Although the absolute performance was solid, there wasn't much growth to get excited about. And unfortunately, the areas where Wells Fargo did show some strength, were not the areas that matter.
Already Looking Forward to Second Quarter
The good news first -- management showed incredible fiscal awareness this quarter. Although expenses did rise slightly on a sequential basis, overall costs were down 2% year over year. Given the highly competitive nature within this sector, this is no small accomplishment. Unfortunately, though, cost-management was the extent of the positives that I could find in this report. Equally unfortunate was that the 4% sequential increase in expenses, while relatively small, also hurt profitability.
Operating income, or what is known in the banking industry as pre-provision net revenue, advanced just 1% year over year and dropped 7% sequentially. This is likely due to the slight sequential uptick in expenses which resulted to earnings miss.
Likewise, Well Fargo's net interest margin, which has seen some recent declines, arrived down 33 basis points year over year and 8 basis points from the fourth quarter. As a consequence, net interest income suffered a 3% decline year over year.
Now, with these sort of numbers, it should come as no surprise that overall revenue was down 1% both year over year and sequentially. Non-interest income was also disappointing, growing just 2% year over year, while also arriving flat sequentially. I'm sure by now you're noticing a pattern.
Wells Fargo management had a hard time growing the bank's usually strong mortgage lending business, which posted much less favorable activity during the quarter to the extent that loan originations arrived down 13% sequentially. As a result, overall mortgage revenue shed 3% year over year and 9% sequentially.
Can Things Turn Around?
With such sluggish mortgage and loan demand, the fact that loan balances increased by only 8% was actually a pleasant surprise. But that's not the sort of results that Wells Fargo is accustomed to. While I'm willing to look on the bright side here, investors shouldn't take this for granted and assume that loan balances will get better, especially since loan collection is an area of the business that the company can't always control.