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The report draws upon empirical data from MTI's proprietary Database of Terrorist and Serious Criminal Attacks against Public Surface Transportation and from reviews of selected HSR systems, including onsite observations. The report also examines the history of safety accidents and other HSR incidents that resulted in fatalities, injuries, or extensive asset damage to examine the inherent vulnerabilities and strengths of HSR systems and how these might affect the consequences of terrorist attacks.
"We divided this study into three parts," said Mr. Jenkins. "First, we examined security principles and measurements. Then we conducted an empirical examination of 33 attacks against HSR targets, plus a comparison of attacks against HSR targets with those against non-HSR targets. And finally, we examined 73 safety incidents on 12 HSR systems. The purpose of this study is to develop an overall strategy for HSR security and to identify measures that could be applied to HSR systems currently under development in
the United States."
MTI expects that the report will provide useful guidance to governmental authorities and to operators of current and future HSR systems. It was co-authored by
Bruce R. Butterworth,
Renee Haider, and
HSR has seen comparatively few attacks.While terrorist attacks aimed at trains and buses have increased over the past several decades, very few attacks have targeted HSR. To gain possible insights into the consequences of successful terrorist attacks against this travel mode, Mr. Jenkins said, this inquiry includes accidents and other HSR incidents that have resulted in injuries, fatalities, or extensive asset damage.
"The objective of the research is not to dictate security regimes," he said. "Rather, it is to distill lessons from the history of accidents and terrorist attacks; to review security measures at existing HSR systems; to explore security-regime options; and to suggest principles for an overall security strategy."