April 10, 2013
/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- For 50 years
stock-in-trade has been agricultural development and food security. In 2003 we were called "the premier agricultural development NGO in the world" by USAID Administrator
. In line with our longstanding commitment to the toughest, most intractable development challenge, feeding the world while improving livelihoods of the vast majority of the poor, we support food aid.
, where over 20 percent of households faced food insecurity in 2005, our Food for Peace program provided rations to a vulnerable population of almost 130,000 people living with HIV/AIDs. Beyond handouts, it trained 170,000 farmers in production and nutrition to foster food security, increased income and health.
Some are calling for widespread food aid reform, but we do not agree
Today's diverse system allows organizations like ours the flexibility to use appropriate tools. Abruptly cutting funds or unraveling established programs will deplete our toolbox and disrupt aid to those who need it most.
It's Not Just Food
Food aid goes beyond providing staples to the hungry. Our activities target nutrition of pregnant and lactating women, train farmers to improve farm yields and build resilience to disasters.
Besides being effective, food aid is cheap and popular. It costs less than one-tenth of one percent of the U.S. budget, and over 90 percent of Americans think fighting world hunger is an important foreign policy goal, according to the Chicago Council on Global Affairs.
Don't Limit Food Aid Methods
Critics want to end sourcing food in the U.S. to distribute or monetize abroad. Instead, they'd like all food aid to be sourced locally or regionally overseas, e.g., buying food in
to distribute in the
Horn of Africa
. When executed with care, local sourcing can multiply benefits, building lasting food security by supporting farmers and developing local markets. In fact ACDI/VOCA implements programs that help farmers in countries like
produce quality product at scale to sell to the World Food Program for local distribution.
However, local procurement is not necessarily the most effective or efficient approach. In 2012 the International Disaster Assistance's local purchase program spent
per metric ton while the price of PL 480 Title II U.S.-sourced food aid was only
. Also, food aid sourced locally or regionally may be of subpar quality. In short, one method is not intrinsically better than the other. Effective food aid depends on well-designed, adequately funded programs of both kinds.
We're not the only ones who feel this way. In a letter to President Obama, 21 senators wrote: "Food aid programs have enjoyed strong bipartisan support for nearly 60 years because they work." The letter continued, "Our country has the largest and most diverse, reliable and effective food assistance programs in the world."