NEW YORK ( ETF Expert) -- People are feeling better about spending money. Similarly, investors are feeling better about risking it.
The problem is, whenever people begin to feel wealthy due to a faulty premise (i.e., the U.S. Federal Reserve can keep buying bonds to depress interest rates without longer-term implications), they may spend more than they have. Others may blindly chase investment gains without recognizing the actual risks.
For example, all of the hoopla surrounding the three-month monster rally for U.S. stocks (9%-10%) ignores a disconnect with markets around the world. Recent asset class performance data from Bespoke Research show the largest emerging market economies (e.g., Brazil, Russia, India, China, etc.) collectively logging a loss of -4%. Meanwhile, Vanguard MSCI Europe (VGK) only managed a meager 1% in the first quarter.
And there's more. The massive quantitative easing by Japan is causing the currencies of other export-dependent economies to appreciate against the yen. This may have an adverse impact on those export-dependent nations. For example, currency concerns are a contributing factor in the declining fortunes of iShares MSCI South Korea (EWY).Keep in mind, the price gains that many have enjoyed in broad-based U.S. equities may be transitory. For one thing, the rest of the world's equity markets have yet to go along for the ride. Secondly, bonds are once again picking up some traction. In addition, U.S. stocks experienced corrective activity in the second quarter of 2010, 2011 as well as 2012, while the S&P 500 has pulled back at least 5% in the first five months of every calendar year since 1996. Naturally, a selloff may be an occasion to put sidelined cash back to work. The question is, which assets might be worthy of purchasing when it happens? Perhaps it will be those ETFs that do not stumble as severely when European bank solvency dominates the headlines. Consider the pattern in 2012. Last year, iShares MSCI European Financials (EUFN) fell a bearish 27% from a mid-March peak through a low in June. The SPDR S&P 500 Trust (SPY) fell a more modest 8.5% in a gloomy May-June correction. In contrast, iShares FTSE NAREIT Mortgage REIT (REM) actually gained 8%+ in the second quarter of 2012, while Vanguard Utilities (VPU) and PowerShares Pharmaceuticals (PJP) both picked up roughly 5.8%. If the pattern holds -- with U.S. economic growth potentially slowing in the second quarter and European bank risks rising in the same period -- the beneficiaries tend to be domestic non-cyclical segments. Granted, non-cyclical sectors may be somewhat expensive relative to earnings. However, when a selloff in U.S. and global stock indexes does arrive, investors may continue to place a premium on safe growth/income.