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NEW YORK (
Wells Fargo(WFC - Get Report) faces a huge decline in mortgage origination income, but nearly all of that decline will be offset by other mortgage items, according to JPMorgan Chase analyst Vivek Juneja.
Among the "big four" U.S. banks -- which also include
Bank of America(BAC - Get Report)and
Citigroup(C - Get Report) -- Wells Fargo has shined, with returns on average assets (ROA) rising steadily over the past four years, from 0.97% to 1.41%, according to Thomson Reuters Bank Insight. Over the same period, the company's return on average tangible common equity (ROTCE) has ranged from 16.32% to 16.95%. Here's how those numbers compare to the rest of the big four club:
JPMorgan's ROA has risen steadily from 0.58% in 2008 to 0.94% in 2012. Over the same period, the company's ROTCE has ranged from 10.66% to 14.80%.
Citigroup's ROA has ranged from a negative 0.08% to a positive return of 0.57% over the past four years. The company's ROTCE has ranged from a negative 1.50% to a positive return of 8.61%.
Bank of America's ROA over the past four years has ranged from a negative 0.09% to a positive return of 0.26%. The company's ROTCE has ranged from a negative 1.62% to a positive return of 4.46%.
Wells Fargo reported 2012 net income available to common shareholders of $17.999 billion, increasing from $15.025 billion in 2011. The main driver of the earnings growth was a remarkable increase in net mortgage banking revenue to $11.638 billion in 2012, from $7.832 billion the previous year. Net mortgage banking revenue includes loan origination fees, gains on the quick sale of new loans to
Fannie Mae(FNMA) and
Freddie Mac(FMCC), and loan servicing income, and is affected by adjustments to valuations of mortgage servicing rights, as well as provisions for mortgage repurchase claims from investors.
A major factor in Wells Fargo's mortgage loan origination growth last year was the Federal Housing Finance Agency's expanded Home Mortgage Refinance Program, or HARP 2.0, which allowed qualified borrowers with mortgage loans held by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac to refinance their full loan balances, no matter how much the market value of the collateral home had dropped.
Loan refinance applications have been slowing this year, and the rise in long-term rates over the past two quarters has led to a decline in gain-on-sale margins for mortgage loans. This is a big deal for Wells Fargo and its shareholders. According to Juneja, Wells Fargo and Fifth Third Bancorp had "the highest share at 13%-14% of core revenues from originations," among the large-cap banks covered by his firm, during 2012. Wells Fargo is "the dominant player" in the U.S. mortgage market, with 25.4% of total market share in the fourth quarter.