The Humble Beginnings Of The Cash Register
1902: The cash register offers shopkeepers cumulative totals and can give an audit trail of transactions. That helps businesses collect market research data.
1906: Charles Kettering, researcher for the National Cash Register Co., designs the first register powered by an electric motor.
1915: The cash register, dressed in fancy cast-metal cases, became an essential tool in nearly every retail establishment. The registers were made of different materials including brass, cast-iron and wood. National Cash Register ran the largest brass foundry in the world during that period. By 1915, more than 1.5 million cash registers were sold.
1960s: The retail industry shifts to electronic registers.Early 1970s: National Cash Register introduces the first cash register that's part of the store's entire computer system. At the same time, National Cash Register introduces a bar coding scanning system to be used with the machine. 1974: The National Cash Register changes its name to NCR Corp. It makes the first bar code scanners. 1991: NCR acquired by AT&T 1994: NCR name changes to AT&T GIS by the end of 1996. 1995: AT&T GIS changes its name back to NCR Corp. in anticipation of being spun off to AT&T shareholders by January 1997 as an independent, publicly traded company. 1998: NCR installs first self-checkout system at a Ball's Hen House grocery store in Kansas City, Missouri. 2003: Self-checkout areas become mainstream at many grocery stores and other discounters. 2012: NCR launches a new software program that runs on Apple's iPad that's connected to the keyboard at the cash register counter or can be detached and used as a mobile checkout device. _________ Source: NCR Corp. and Museum of American Heritage
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