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TheStreet Open House

Global Petroleum Additives Industry

4. PETROLEUM ADDITIVES - END USE ANALYSIS II-19

Petroleum - The Black Gold II-19

Major End-Users of Petroleum Additives II-20

Oil Refining Industry - Primary End-Market II-20

Global Oil Demand & Supply II-20

Table 3: Global Oil Reserves (2011): Percentage Share

Breakdown of Reserves by Region (includes corresponding

Graph/Chart) II-21

Table 4: Global Oil Production (2011): Percentage ShareBreakdown of Daily Production Volume by Region (includescorresponding Graph/Chart) II-21

Table 5: Global Oil Consumption (2012): Percentage Share

Breakdown of Consumption Volume by Region (includes

corresponding Graph/Chart) II-21

Table 6: Oil Consumption in Select Countries (2011) (InMillion Barrels Per Day) (includes correspondingGraph/Chart) II-22Impact of Oil Prices on Global Demand II-22Automobile Industry - Key End-Use Market for Lubricating Oil II-22A Key Economic Indicator II-22Table 7: Worldwide Car Sales (2012E): Percentage ShareBreakdown of Volume Sales by Region (includes correspondingGraph/Chart) II-23

Table 8: Worldwide Automotive Production by Leading

Countries (2011): Breakdown by Cars and Commercial Vehicles

(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-24

Factors Impacting Automobile Sales II-25

Auto Industry Remains Upbeat Despite European Debt Fears II-25

New Technologies Making Significant Inroads II-26

5. PRODUCT OVERVIEW II-27Petroleum Additives - An Introduction II-27Product Classification II-28Fuel Oil Additives II-28Lubricating Oil Additives II-28Lubricating Additives by Function II-28Fuel Additives II-29Fuel Additives - Critical for Superior Engine Performance II-29Fuel Additives - Reversal of Fortunes for Some II-29Consumers II-29Liquid Fuel Additives II-29Parameters for Choosing the Right Fuel Additive II-30Quality of Oil to be Blended II-30Solid Fuel Additives II-30Lubricating Oil II-30Classification of Fuel Additives II-30Detergents II-30Dispersants II-31Cold-Flow Improvers II-31Anti-Icing Agents II-31Lubricity Improvers II-31Cetane Enhancers II-31Anti-Knock Agents II-31Octane Enhancers II-32Tetraethyl Lead (TEL) II-32Methylcyclopentadienyl Manganese Tricarbonyl II-32Alcohols II-32Methanol II-32Methanol - A Key Raw Material for MTBE II-32Ethanol II-33Chemical Composition II-33Ethers II-33MTBE II-33ETBE II-33Lubricating Oil Additives II-33Standards to be Adhered II-34Classification of Lubricating Oil Additives II-34Antioxidants II-35Chemicals II-35End-Use II-35Antiwear Agents II-35Chemical Composition II-35End-Use II-35Corrosion Inhibitors II-35Chemical Composition II-36Market Trends II-36End-Use II-36Detergents II-36Chemicals II-37End-Use II-37Dispersants II-37Chemical Composition II-37End-Use II-37Extreme Pressure Additives II-37Chemical Composition II-37End-Use II-38Foam Control Agents II-38Chemical Composition II-38End-Use II-38Pour Point Depressants II-38Chemicals II-38End-Use II-38Viscosity Index Improvers II-38Chemical Composition II-39End-Use II-39Other Lube Additives II-39Biocides II-39Demulsifiers and Emulsifiers II-39Metal Deactivators II-39Dyes and Other Colorants II-40Friction Modifiers II-40Anti-Freeze Agents/Coolants II-40Anti-Rust Agents II-40Combustion Improvers II-40Raw Material Analysis II-40Chemistry II-40Ethyleneamines II-40Cobalt and Nickel II-41Product Applications of Cobalt and Nickel II-41Carboxylates II-41Pricing II-41Lube Logistics II-41Channels of Distribution II-42Retail II-42Commercial II-42Factory Fill II-42Substitute Products Make an Impact on the Additive Industry II-42Methanol II-42Ethanol Alcohol Fuel (Gasohol) II-43Methanol Alcohol Fuel II-43Propane II-43Electricity II-43Sperm Whale Oil II-43Seed-based Lubricants II-43Glucose Based Ethylene Glycol II-43Natural Gas II-44

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