Working together, the three departments will examine diluted bitumen to develop a more profound understanding of the product's chemical and physical properties, and its behaviour in marine environments.New and modified aids to navigation
World-Class Tanker Safety System: liability and compensation Canada's liability and compensation regime for oil spills are based on the "polluter pays" principle, which means that the polluter is always responsible for paying for the cost of an oil spill clean up, including third party damages. This means that if a ship causes a spill, its owner is liable for losses and damages under federal legislation. Furthermore, in accordance with international conventions, ship owners are subject to compulsory insurance to an amount which is linked to the tonnage of their vessel. If the amount of damages exceeds the shipowner's liability, international and domestic funds provide additional compensation to a total amount of approximately $1.36 billion. The Government of Canada is committed to reviewing Canada's liability and compensation regime and is taking further action to ensure that it has a world-class tanker safety system for shipping resources safely through Canada's waterways before any major new energy export infrastructure becomes operational. The government will undertake a comprehensive review of the oil pollution liability and compensation regime associated with marine transportation spills, based on a risk assessment. The review will include examining the adequacy of the compensation available in the event of a spill and the relevant legislation will be updated to ensure a comprehensive oversight system that places the cost of paying for pollution with the polluter, not Canadian taxpayers.