March 7, 2013
/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- (MACP) — In keeping with his commitment to speedy implementation of reforms in
, and dedication to advancing human rights and an independent judiciary, His Majesty King
on judicial reform presented by the National Human Rights Council (CNDH),
's human rights watchdog. These were detailed in four reports submitted by the Council to: advance changes to
's judicial system as set forth in the 2011 Constitutional reforms; respond to the expectations of Moroccan society; and meet pertinent international norms of human rights, justice and the separation of powers.
King Mohammed VI
stressed the importance of fast-paced reform and called on all government institutions to fully assume their responsibilities to achieve it. He described the recommendation as a significant contribution to advancing
's dialogue on democracy, consolidating the rule of law, and protecting human rights and the independence of the judiciary.
- The first report outlines the organization and procedures of the Constitutional Court, which will oversee free and fair elections and uphold principles and rights guaranteed by the Constitution.
- The second report addresses proper procedures for carrying out a major innovation in the 2011 Constitution−allowing parties to a lawsuit to challenge the constitutionality of a law.
- The third report recommends narrowing the jurisdiction of military courts, in keeping with the new Constitution and international law. CNDH president Driss El Yazami said the Council recommends that civilians no longer be tried before military courts, and tribunals should be limited to disciplinary measures against military personnel and trial of military personnel for "undermining state security or terrorism."
- The fourth report provides recommendations on the speedy establishment of the Higher Judiciary Council created by the Constitution, which will promote separation of powers and increase judicial independence.
The Council's recommendations, which come after six months of intense work, will now go to
's Parliament. Under the Constitution, these recommendations will have to be debated, turned into legislation, and passed by the Parliament to become law.
The Huffington Post
, Middle East Specialist
wrote, "I feel encouraged by the announcement of the king's intention to dramatically reduce the role of military courts in
. It would be in keeping with a tradition of reforms that won acknowledgment from human rights groups in the past, notably an
Equity and Reconciliation Commission
which acknowledged the suffering of victims of security service brutality under the reign of
King Hassan II
and compensated the families for their losses."
On Monday, El Yazami presented the reports at the UN Human Rights Council in
in the presence of
, Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment. Mendez has just returned from
and issued a report that "highlights on the one side, the existence in
of an important judicial and institutional arsenal which has allowed the emergence of a true culture of human rights; and identifies, on the other side, the challenges to be surmounted to put in place the international dispositions and practices." As it continues to promote human rights and finalizes a national mechanism for the prevention of torture,
is also seeking membership on the Human Rights Council.
CNDH was established by HM the King in 2011, with El Yazami as its head, to protect human rights in
. For more on CNDH, go to
's National Council on Human Rights, at:
For more on
and the region, visit
Also follow us on Twitter -
The Moroccan American Center for Policy (MACP)
is a non-profit organization whose principal mission is to inform opinion makers, government officials, and interested publics in
the United States
about political and social developments in
and the role being played by the Kingdom of
in broader strategic developments in
, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East. For more, please visit
This material is distributed by the Moroccan American Center for Policy on behalf of the Government of Morocco. Additional information is available at the Department of Justice in Washington, DC.
SOURCE Moroccan American Center for Policy