GAAP net loss for 2012, which included a non-cash gain of $3.4 million related to the valuation of the Series I warrants, non-cash stock-based compensation charges of $22.1 million, foreign currency gains of $0.6 million on the Company’s IMW purchase notes, a one-time charge of $14.5 million related to the impairment of the Company’s investment in The Vehicle Production Group LLC, a one-time charge of $0.6 million related to a settlement with the California Air Resource Board related to certain vehicles, and a one-time charge of $2.1 million related to the settlement with the Internal Revenue Service on certain VETC revenues, was $101.3 million, or $1.16 per share. This compares with a net loss for 2011 of $47.6 million, or $0.68 per share, which included a non-cash gain for the Series I warrants of $2.7 million, non-cash stock-based compensation charges of $13.5 million, a $3.0 million valuation allowance established on certain deferred tax assets, and foreign currency losses of $0.6 million on the Company’s IMW purchase notes.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
To supplement the Company’s consolidated financial statements, which statements are prepared and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), the Company uses non-GAAP financial measures called non-GAAP earnings per share (non-GAAP EPS or non-GAAP earnings/loss per share) and Adjusted EBITDA. Management has presented non-GAAP EPS and Adjusted EBITDA because it uses these non-GAAP financial measures to assess its operational performance, for financial and operational decision-making, and as a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons on a consistent basis. Management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding the Company’s performance by excluding certain non-cash or non-recurring expenses that are not directly attributable to its core operating results. In addition, management believes these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors because: (1) they allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in its financial and operational decision making; (2) they exclude the impact of non-cash or, when specified, non-recurring items that are not directly attributable to the Company’s core operating performance and that may obscure trends in the core operating performance of the business; and (3) they are used by institutional investors and the analyst community to help them analyze the results of Clean Energy’s business. In future quarters, the Company may make adjustments for other non-recurring significant expenditures or significant non-cash charges in order to present non-GAAP financial measures that are indicative of the Company’s core operating performance.