"This project provides our first opportunity to demonstrate the application of our Direct FuelCell technology with renewable landfill gas, in addition to advancing our hydrogen co-production technology," said Tony Leo, Vice President Application Engineering & Advanced Technology Development, FuelCell Energy, Inc. "Landfill gas is a large potential market, which presents unique gas cleanup requirements. Our partner in this project, Quadrogen Power Systems, has developed an effective cleanup technology, as demonstrated by the high performance of their equipment at an existing hydrogen co-production fuel cell installation in California that is providing ultra-clean electricity and hydrogen for vehicle fueling from renewable biogas generated by a wastewater treatment plant."
The landfill for the City of Vancouver, Canada has an advanced gas collection system. Some of the gas is flared, wasting a potential fuel source and generating pollutants such as smog producing nitrogen oxide (NOx). Using the landfill gas to generate ultra-clean power converts a waste disposal problem into an environmentally friendly source of revenue. Power production is expected to commence in early 2014. A successful project demonstration could potentially lead to additional projects at this landfill as well as other landfills.
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada is investing in this project by providing a repayable contribution through the Government of Canada's Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program, which aims to help the Canadian agricultural sector adapt and remain competitive. In British Columbia, this program is delivered by the Investment Agriculture Foundation.
Other project partners include Sustainable Development Technology Canada (SDTC), National Research Council of Canada (NRC), and BC Bioenergy Network.Direct FuelCell® (DFC®) power plants generate continuous baseload power in a highly efficient and environmentally friendly process. Due to the absence of combustion in the fuel cell power generation process, virtually no pollutants are emitted such as nitrogen oxide (NOx), sulfur dioxide (SOx) or particulate matter (PM 10), resulting in ultra-clean power generation. The power plants are fuel flexible, using readily available fuel sources such as natural gas, renewable biogas, directed biogas, or for this project, landfill gas. The electro-chemical power generation process does not utilize all of the hydrogen generated from the fuel source so the unused hydrogen can be used for other purposes such as vehicle fueling or industrial purposes, as this application will demonstrate. The high efficiency of the fuel cell power generation process results in low carbon emissions, particularly when compared to combustion based power generation alternatives. Power generation from a fuel source such as landfill gas is typically considered carbon-neutral due to the renewable nature of the fuel source.