Adjusted EBITDA is a measure commonly used by financial analysts in evaluating the performance of companies. EBITDA is calculated from net income by adding interest expense and income tax expense, and adding depreciation and amortization. Through Q3 of 2012, Dole calculated Adjusted EBITDA from EBITDA by: (1) adding the net unrealized loss or subtracting the net unrealized gain on foreign currency and bunker fuel hedges and the cross currency swap which do not have a more than insignificant financing element present at contract inception; (2) adding the net loss or subtracting the net gain on the long-term Japanese yen hedges; (3) adding the foreign currency loss or subtracting the foreign currency gain on the vessel obligations; (4) adding the net unrealized loss or subtracting the net unrealized gain on foreign denominated instruments; (5) adding share-based compensation expense; (6) adding charges for restructuring and long-term receivables; (7) adding strategic review transaction costs and expenses; (8) adding refinancing charges and loss on early retirement of debt; and (9) subtracting the gain on asset sales.
For Dole’s 2013 projected Adjusted EBITDA included in this release, only share-based compensation expense has been added to EBITDA in calculating Adjusted EBITDA. The other eight factors, above, are not expected to be applicable to the new Dole or cannot now be estimated with reasonable precision; therefore, they are not reflected in 2013 projected EBITDA, and thus cannot be added or subtracted back in calculating 2013 Adjusted EBITDA. Potential resolutions of the Honduras tax case, the European Union Antitrust Inquiry and the DBCP cases have not been reflected in the 2013 Adjusted EBITDA projections.
Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool. It is not calculated or presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP and is not a substitute for net income attributable to Dole Food Company, Inc., net income, income from continuing operations, cash flows from operating activities or any other measure prescribed by U.S. GAAP. Further, Adjusted EBITDA as used herein is not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. However, Dole has included this measure because management believes that they are useful performance measures for Dole and for securities analysts, investors and others in the evaluation of Dole. Dole compensates for these limitations by relying primarily on U.S. GAAP results and using EBITDA only supplementally.