Kaplan University and KHE Campuses enrollments at December 31, 2012 and 2011, by degree and certificate programs, are as follows:
|As of December 31,|
KTP includes Kaplan’s standardized test preparation and tutoring offerings. KTP revenue declined 6% in 2012 and 10% in the fourth quarter of 2012. Enrollment increased 5% and 11% for the fourth quarter and fiscal year 2012, respectively, driven by strength in pre-college, nursing and bar review programs. Enrollment increases were offset by competitive pricing pressure and a continued shift in demand to lower priced online test preparation offerings. The improvement in KTP operating results in 2012 is largely as a result of lower operating expenses due to restructuring activities in prior years, including $12.5 million in total KTP restructuring costs recorded in 2011. Fourth quarter 2012 results declined largely due to revenue reductions from a slowdown in enrollment growth in the fourth quarter of 2012.