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During the past year,
iShares S&P U.S. Preferred Stock(PFF) reported inflows of $3 billion, while
PowerShares Preferred(PGX) attracted $766 million, according to IndexUniverse.com. Investors have been drawn by yields of more than 6%.
While the yields are tempting, there is another reason for fixed-income investors to consider preferreds: diversification. When bonds drop, preferreds sometimes rise. "The return patterns of preferreds are different than what you see with stocks or bonds," says David Mazza, head of ETF investment strategy of State Street Global Advisors, which operates the SPDR ETFs.
The resilience of preferreds has become clear lately. During the past three months, many bonds have sunk, causing
Vanguard Total Bond Index ETF(BND) to lose 1.0%, according to Morningstar. But the iShares Preferred Fund gained 4.2%.
Interest rate rises caused the bond loss. During the past three months, yields on 10-year Treasuries climbed from 1.58% to 2.00%. When rates rise, bond prices tend to fall as investors dump existing issues with low yields. While a rate rise can hurt preferreds, they can be resilient because of their peculiar characteristics.
Like bonds, preferreds pay fixed yields. But bonds are considered senior to preferreds. So in the event of a default, bond holders are paid first with whatever remains of the corporate assets. Preferreds are next in line. Because they come with more risk, preferreds yield more than comparable bonds. The rich yields can help to prop up preferreds in hard times. During times when the economy is growing, investors may become less concerned about defaults and bid up prices of preferreds. That has occurred lately.
Most preferreds are issued by financial companies. Big issuers include banks, such as
Wells Fargo(WFC) and
JPMorgan Chase(JPM). Banks like preferreds because they offer a way to raise cash without issuing debt that can burden balance sheets. Other big issuers include utilities, REITs and industrial companies.
The concentration in financials presents special risks. During the financial crisis, preferreds were clobbered. Bank preferred shares suffered particularly severe losses as investors worried about bankruptcies. During 2008,
PowerShares Financial Preferred(PGF) lost 27.3%. But the securities soon revived. In 2009, the PowerShares Financial ETF gained 38.4%. Since then, preferreds have rallied. During the past five years, the PowerShares fund--which yields 6.3%-- returned 4.3% annually.