Researchers already knew that children with CHD have an increased risk for poor growth, but this analysis provides a fuller picture of the problem. Cohen observed that in the general population, when caloric intake is insufficient, an infant's weight is usually affected first, followed by length and head circumference. "The fact that all three parameters changed simultaneously rather than sequentially supports the idea that impaired growth in children with heart disease is affected at least in part by factors unrelated to nutrition."She added that further studies should investigate the possible roles of growth hormones and other physiologic factors that affect growth regulation in children with CHD.
Abnormal Growth Regulation May Occur In Children With Heart Defects
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