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U.S. capital market competitiveness remained weak in 2012 with many competitiveness measures suffering declines from the previous year.
Hal S. Scott, Director of the Committee, said, "The data indicate that, when raising capital outside their home jurisdictions, foreign companies increasingly prefer to tap non-U.S. financial markets."
U.S. public markets failed to attract the largest global IPOs, as only one of the 20 largest offerings of 2012 was conducted within
the United States, a decline from three in 2011 and far less than the historical average of five such offerings per year. Of global initial equity offerings conducted outside an issuer's home market, only 11.4% by volume was raised in
the United States in 2012. While this represents a small improvement over 2011 (8.6%), it falls short of the levels reached in 2009 and 2010 (16.9% and 14.2%, respectively) and remains well below the historical average of 28.7% (1996-2006).
Further, foreign companies raising capital in
the United States tend to do so via private rather than public markets. Of the total volume of foreign equity issued in initial offerings in
the United States in 2012, 84.5% was conducted through private Rule 144A offerings rather than public offerings, an increase from 82.5% in 2011. This measure of aversion to U.S. public equity markets is now at its highest level in five years and stands significantly higher than the historical average of 64.1%.
The percentage of IPOs by U.S. issuers listed only abroad declined significantly to 0.7% in 2012 from 6.9% the previous year, although the decline was likely due in part to the softness of European equity markets in the wake of the recent sovereign debt crisis.