A reconciliation of the numerator used in the computation of Book Value Per Share Excluding Unrealized Gains and Losses on Fixed Maturities and Book Value Per Share at December 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 is presented below:
|(Dollars in Millions) (Unaudited)||Dec 31,2012||Dec 31,2011|
|Shareholders’ Equity Excluding Unrealized Gains||$||1,789.9||$||1,789.2|
|Unrealized Gains and Losses on Fixed Maturities||371.8||327.4|
Underlying Combined Ratio
Underlying combined ratio is a non-GAAP financial measure, which is computed by adding the current year non-catastrophe losses and LAE ratio with the incurred expense ratio. The most directly comparable GAAP financial measure is the combined ratio, which uses total incurred losses and LAE, including the impact of catastrophe losses, and loss and LAE reserve development. Kemper believes the underlying combined ratio is useful to investors and is used by management to reveal the trends in Kemper’s property and casualty insurance businesses that may be obscured by catastrophe losses and prior-year reserve development. These catastrophe losses may cause loss trends to vary significantly between periods as a result of their incidence of occurrence and magnitude, and can have a significant impact on incurred losses and LAE and the Combined Ratio. Prior-year reserve development is caused by unexpected loss development on historical reserves. Because reserve development relates to the re-estimation of losses from earlier periods, it has no bearing on the performance of the company’s insurance products in the current period. Kemper believes it is useful for investors to evaluate these components separately and in the aggregate when reviewing its underwriting performance. The underlying combined ratio should not be considered a substitute for the combined ratio and does not reflect the overall underwriting profitability of our business.