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88% of the full-time workforce is eligible for benefits. 77% of the eligible full-time employees actually selected health coverage. The result is that 68% of the total full-time workforce is covered by their employer's health plan.
By contrast, the part-time workforce makes up 23% of the total workforce. Only 15% of these part-time employees are eligible for benefits with slightly more than half (53%) choosing to participate. The result is that 8% of the part-time workforce participates in their employer's health coverage.
The average employer within the ADP Benefits Study contributed $7,225 per annum in health premiums for each employee who enrolled in the employer's group health plans for benefit year 2012.
To view a video highlighting the key findings of the study, as well as two infographics, click
here or visit
The gap between part-time and full-time insured looms large, as the shared responsibility provision of the
Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires employees credited with service equal to at least 30 hours per week or 130 hours per month, must be automatically eligible for employer-sponsored health plans. Potentially, this provision could create a spike in part-time employees eligible for benefits starting in 2014.
"Unlike survey-based studies, the data in our study is derived from the actual, aggregated and anonymous benefits data and enrollment administration activity of large ADP clients representing multiple industries across all 50 U.S. states," said
Tim Clifford, president of ADP Benefits Administration Services. "By providing key statistics on both full and part-time workforce composition, along with current health coverage eligibility and participation rates, we are helping our clients and other large employers to learn more about the challenges facing large organizations in the new era of healthcare reform."
2012 Study of Large Employer Health Benefits from ADP also shows that employer size correlates with total premiums, irrespective of employee contribution levels.
Despite wide disparities in total premium costs on an employer-by-employer basis, very large employers (more than 5,000 employees) as a group pay 14% less for health insurance than employers with smaller populations (1,000-2,499 employees.) The benefits of these lower premium costs are shared equally by employer and employee.