Benefits expense – The 4Q12 consolidated benefit ratio (benefits expense as a percent of premiums) of 83.7 percent increased by 190 basis points from 81.8 percent for the prior year’s quarter due primarily to a 360 basis point increase in the Retail Segment benefit ratio, as discussed more fully below.
The consolidated benefit ratio for FY12 of 83.7 percent increased by 160 basis points from the FY11 consolidated benefit ratio of 82.1 percent also primarily due to a 290 basis point increase in the benefit ratio for the Retail Segment.
Operating expenses – The consolidated operating cost ratio (operating costs as a percent of total revenues less investment income) of 17.5 percent for 4Q12 declined from 17.7 percent in 4Q11 primarily due to substantial reductions in this operating metric for the Retail and Employer Group Segments nearly offset by the impact of the accounting for the company’s new South Region TRICARE contract in the company’s Other Businesses.
The FY12 consolidated operating cost ratio of 15.1 percent increased 30 basis points from 14.8 percent for FY11 primarily due to the impact of the new South Region TRICARE contract discussed above, partially offset by lower year-over-year operating cost ratios for the Retail and Employer Group Segments.Strategic transaction update – On December 21, 2012, Humana completed its previously disclosed acquisition of Metropolitan, a Medical Services Organization that coordinates medical care for Medicare Advantage and Medicaid beneficiaries, primarily in Florida. Retail Segment Highlights Pretax results:
- Retail Segment pretax income of $256 million in 4Q12 compares to $326 million in 4Q11, a decline of $70 million. This decrease was primarily due to a higher benefit ratio, partially offset by a lower operating cost ratio.
- For FY12, pretax earnings for the Retail Segment of $1.16 billion decreased by $425 million from FY11 pretax earnings of $1.59 billion. The full-year decrease reflects the same factors impacting the fourth quarter year-over-year comparison. FY12 Retail Segment pretax results included $110 million of benefit from favorable prior period medical claims reserve development compared to $147 million in FY11.
- Individual Medicare Advantage membership was 1,927,600 at December 31, 2012, an increase of 287,300 members, or 18 percent from 1,640,300 at December 31, 2011, primarily due to a successful enrollment season associated with the 2012 plan year as well as age-in enrollment throughout the year.
- Effective March 31, 2012, the company added approximately 62,600 members from the acquisition of Arcadian Management Services, Inc. (Arcadian). As previously announced, the company divested approximately 12,600 members acquired with Arcadian effective January 1, 2013 in accordance with the company’s previously disclosed agreement with the United States Department of Justice.
- January 2013 individual Medicare Advantage membership approximated 2,011,000, up approximately 83,400 from December 31, 2012, reflecting net membership additions in line with the company’s expectations for the recently completed 2013 Annual Election Period (AEP) for Medicare beneficiaries and the Arcadian-related membership divestitures discussed above.
- Membership in the company’s individual stand-alone Prescription Drug Plans (PDPs) was 2,985,600 at December 31, 2012, up 445,200, or 18 percent compared to 2,540,400 at December 31, 2011. These increases resulted primarily from higher gross sales primarily during the 2012 enrollment season, particularly for the company’s innovative Humana-Walmart plan offering, supplemented by dual-eligible and age-in enrollments throughout the year.
- January 2013 individual stand-alone PDP membership grew to approximately 3,113,000, an increase of approximately 127,400 from December 31, 2012, in line with the company’s expectations for net additions during the AEP.
- HumanaOne® medical membership increased to 444,000 at December 31, 2012, an increase of 10,400, or 2 percent, from 433,600 at December 31, 2011.
- Membership in individual specialty products (a) of 948,700 at December 31, 2012 increased 21 percent from 782,500 at December 31, 2011, driven primarily by increased membership in dental offerings.
- 4Q12 premiums and services revenue for the Retail Segment was $6.11 billion, an increase of 15 percent from $5.31 billion in 4Q11. The increase was primarily the result of 19 percent higher average individual Medicare Advantage membership year over year.
- The 4Q12 benefit ratio for the Retail Segment was 82.6 percent, an increase of 360 basis points from 79.0 percent in 4Q11. The year-over-year increase was primarily due to a higher Medicare Advantage benefit ratio associated with new members and increased outpatient utilization for both new and existing members .
- The Retail Segment’s operating cost ratio of 13.1 percent in 4Q12 decreased 160 basis points from 14.7 percent in 4Q11. The decrease was primarily the result of cost efficiencies resulting from higher average membership together with the company’s continued focus on operating cost efficiencies.
- Employer Group Segment pretax loss of $25 million in 4Q12 compares to a pretax loss of $51 million in 4Q11, and reflects an improved operating cost ratio partially offset by a year-over-year increase in the benefit ratio for this segment.
- For FY12, pretax earnings for the Employer Group Segment of $253 million increased by $11 million versus FY11 pretax earnings of $242 million with the same factors impacting fourth quarter results also driving the year-over-year increase.
- Group Medicare Advantage membership was 398,500 at December 31, 2012, an increase of 80,300 members, or 25 percent, from 318,200 at December 31, 2011 primarily due to the addition of a large retiree account during FY12.
- Group fully-insured commercial medical membership increased to 1,211,800 at December 31, 2012, an increase of 31,600, or 3 percent, from 1,180,200 at December 31, 2011. This increase primarily reflected small group business membership gains partially offset by lower membership in large group accounts. Approximately 59 percent of group fully-insured commercial medical membership was in small group accounts at December 31, 2012 versus 56 percent at December 31, 2011.
- Group administrative services only (ASO) commercial medical membership declined to 1,237,700 at December 31, 2012, a decrease of 54,600, or 4 percent, from 1,292,300 at December 31, 2011. This decline reflected a continuation of discipline in pricing services for self-funded accounts amid a highly competitive environment.
- Membership in Employer Group specialty products (a) increased to 7,136,200 at December 31, 2012, an increase of 603,600, or 9 percent, from 6,532,600 at December 31, 2011. This increase primarily resulted from increased cross-sales of the company’s specialty products to its medical membership and growth in stand-alone specialty product sales.
- 4Q12 premiums and services revenue for the Employer Group Segment were $2.63 billion, up approximately 14 percent from $2.30 billion in 4Q11 primarily reflecting the impacts of higher average group Medicare Advantage and commercial fully-insured membership.
- 4Q12 benefit ratio for the Employer Group Segment was 87.1 percent, an increase of 70 basis points from 86.4 percent for 4Q11. The year-over-year increase in the benefit ratio primarily reflected a higher percentage of members in group Medicare Advantage plans (which carry a higher benefit ratio than commercial fully-insured group accounts).
- The Employer Group Segment’s operating cost ratio was 16.7 percent in 4Q12, a decline of 210 basis points from 18.8 percent in 4Q11, primarily reflecting a higher percentage of members in group Medicare Advantage plans (which carry a lower operating cost ratio than commercial fully-insured group accounts) as well as cost savings associated with operating cost reduction initiatives.
- Health and Well-Being Services Segment pretax income of $75 million in 4Q12 declined $10 million from $85 million in 4Q11 primarily due to transaction costs associated with the closings of the Metropolitan and MCCI Holdings, LLC (MCCI) strategic transactions announced in November 2012.
- For FY12, pretax earnings for the Health and Well-Being Services Segment of $486 million increased by $133 million from FY11 pretax earnings of $353 million, primarily from higher earnings in the company’s RightSource® mail order operations.
- Revenues of $3.26 billion in 4Q12 for the Health and Well-Being Services Segment increased 13 percent from $2.90 billion in 4Q11. This increase was primarily due to growth in the company’s pharmacy solutions business.
- The Health and Well-Being Services Segment’s operating cost ratio of 96.8 percent in 4Q12 increased by 50 basis points from 96.3 percent in 4Q11, primarily due to costs associated with the 4Q12 closings of the previously announced Metropolitan and MCCI strategic transactions.
- Other Businesses incurred a pretax loss of $31 million in 4Q12 versus pretax income of $1 million in 4Q11, primarily due to a reserve strengthening for the company’s closed block of long-term-care business in 4Q12
- For FY12, a pretax loss for Other Businesses of $19 million compares to pretax income of $84 million in FY11. This year-over-year decline primarily reflected the combined effect of approximately $46 million in benefits expense related to the settlement of previously disclosed litigation involving Humana Military Healthcare Services, Inc., the 4Q12 adjustments to long-term-care reserves described above and the change in profitability under the new South Region TRICARE contract described below.
- On April 1, 2012, the company’s new South Region TRICARE contract became effective with the Department of Defense (DoD). The company’s new contract is structured similar to self-funded products versus a fully-insured structure for the company’s previous South Region TRICARE contract with the DoD. This change resulted in significant volatility in year-over-year comparisons for the company’s Other Businesses.
- At December 31, 2012, the company had cash, cash equivalents, and investment securities of $11.15 billion, up approximately $320 million from $10.83 billion at December 31, 2011 reflecting higher balances associated with increased revenues for FY12 versus FY11.
- In early December 2012, the company announced it had completed its public offering of $1 billion of senior notes. A substantial portion of the proceeds from that debt offering was used to complete the Metropolitan transaction, including the retirement of Metropolitan’s indebtedness and for related transaction fees and expenses, all in late December 2012.
- Parent company cash and short-term investments of $346 million at December 31, 2012 decreased $176 million from $522 million at September 30, 2012, primarily reflecting strategic transaction activity and cash dividends to stockholders during 4Q12 partially offset by the net proceeds from the issuance of debt. Cash and short-term investments at the parent decreased $148 million year over year from $494 million held at the parent at December 31, 2011 as increased dividends from subsidiaries and net proceeds from the issuance of debt during 4Q12 were more than offset by strategic transaction activity, share repurchases and cash dividends to stockholders.
- Days in claims payable of 48.5 at December 31, 2012 decreased 3.1 days from 51.6 days at September 30, 2012 primarily due to a decline in processed and unprocessed claims on hand as well as certain provider capitation payment settlements during 4Q12.
- Debt-to-total capitalization at December 31, 2012 was 22.8 percent, up 710 basis points from 15.7 percent at September 30, 2012, and up 570 basis points from 17.1 percent at December 31, 2011 primarily driven by the 4Q12 issuance of senior notes described above.
| Net cash from operating activities
|Timing of premium payment from CMS (b)||-||1,796|
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