Combined sales of REMICADE (infliximab) and SIMPONI (golimumab), treatments for inflammatory diseases, increased 13 percent to $645 million for the fourth quarter of 2012. The combined sales grew 18 percent excluding foreign exchange. Global combined sales for the full year decreased 18 percent over the prior year. In Europe, Russia and Turkey, where Merck retained exclusive marketing rights, the combined sales of REMICADE and SIMPONI increased 2 percent for the full year of 2012 or 10 percent excluding foreign exchange. In July 2011, the company transferred exclusive marketing rights for REMICADE and SIMPONI to Johnson & Johnson in Canada, Central and South America, the Middle East, Africa and Asia Pacific.
Sales recorded by Merck for GARDASIL, a vaccine to help prevent certain diseases caused by four types of human papillomavirus (HPV), increased 61 percent to $442 million for the fourth quarter driven by higher sales in the United States, reflecting continued strong uptake in males and higher public sector purchases, as well as favorable performance in Japan and the emerging markets. Worldwide sales of GARDASIL recorded by Merck for the year were $1.6 billion, a 35 percent increase compared to the prior year.
ISENTRESS (raltegravir), an HIV integrase inhibitor for use in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of HIV-1 infection, decreased 2 percent to $381 million in the fourth quarter. ISENTRESS sales in the United States grew 11 percent in the fourth quarter. Global sales of ISENTRESS for the full year of 2012 were $1.5 billion, an 11 percent increase compared to 2011.
Global sales of Merck's antihypertensive medicines COZAAR and HYZAAR declined 26 percent to $315 million in the fourth quarter and 23 percent to $1.3 billion for the full year of 2012 due to the loss of market exclusivity in major markets in prior years.Sales of ZOSTAVAX, a vaccine for the prevention of herpes zoster, grew to $225 million in the fourth quarter compared to $78 million in the prior year, driven by a positive response to supply availability and increased promotional efforts in the United States. Global sales for the full year of 2012 were $651 million.