NEW YORK (
) -- The
Securities and Exchange Commission
managing director for fraudulently using a taxpayer-supported program to illegally profit from efforts to revive the U.S. mortgage market after the housing bust.
On Monday, the SEC charged Jesse Litvak, a former managing director and senior trader in Jefferies' mortgage-trading unit, with fraud for improperly marking mortgage-backed security trades to customers and creating fictitious ones in an effort to inflate the revenue the investment bank recognized on the trades -- and his bonus.
In total, the SEC alleges Litvak booked $2.7 million in improper revenue through the alleged fraud. During the time of Livtak's alleged fraud, the SEC claims the trader made nearly $12 million in discretionary bonuses -- money the commission may attempt to recover.
From 2009 to 2011, the SEC alleges Litvak misled customers in 25 mortgage-backed security trades by either misrepresenting the price at which Jefferies had paid for the securities it was selling or by misleading investors about the market demand for them. It appears U.S. taxpayers were the hoodwinked party on the other side of Litvak's alleged fraudulent trades.
Notably, the SEC's complaint says Litvak's alleged fraud profited from the U.S. Department of Treasury's Public-Private Investment Program ("PPIP") aimed at reviving the dormant mortgage market in the wake of the financial crisis.
In that program, the Treasury invested in funds aimed at buying up eligible mortgage-backed securities to thaw the mortgage-security market -- a crucial, if little-known, part of the U.S. housing industry -- and help calm banks' stressed balance sheets.
Under PPIP, a vehicle that was part of the government's larger $700 billion
Troubled Asset Relief Program
, the U.S. Treasury selected a handful of asset managers and hedge funds to invest in once-highly-rated mortgage securities as a means to revive demand for the overall market.
The SEC's complaint points out that many of those asset managers may have been financially harmed by Litvak's alleged fraud.
In a detailed complaint, the SEC points out trades made between Jefferies and PPIP funds run by
(BK - Get Report)
(AB - Get Report)
(IVZ - Get Report)
as having either been mismarked or misstated in demand by Litvak.
Hedge Funds such as Monarch Capital, York Capital Management, QVT and Magnetar are also named as victims of Litvak's alleged fraud.
Some trades with PPIP-backed counterparties netted Jefferies in excess of $500,000.00 in in illicit earnings, according to the SEC's complaint.
"On numerous occasions from 2009 to 2011, Litvak lied to, or otherwise misled, customers about the price at which his firm had bought the MBS and the amount of his firm's compensation for arranging the trades," the SEC alleges in its complaint. "On some occasions, Litvak also misled the customer into believing that he was arranging an MBS trade between customers, when Litvak really was selling the MBS out of Jefferies' inventory," the regulatory agency adds.
The SEC notes in its charge that during the years of Litvak's alleged fraud, the trader's discretionary bonus totaled $11,783,296.
In its complaint, the SEC is charging Litvak with violating Section 17(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Rule 10b-5.
The SEC will seek a disgorgement of Litvak's ill-gotten gains with interest, in addition to civil monetary penalties "due to the egregious nature of Litvak's violations," the agency states in its complaint.
Separately, the U.S. attorney's Connecticut office announced criminal charges against Litvak. In total, Litvak was charged with 16 criminal counts, which include one TARP fraud charge, four counts of making false statements and 11 counts of securities fraud.
"Jesse Litvak did not cheat anyone out of a dime. In fact, most of these trades turned out to be hugely profitable," Patrick J. Smith, an attorney at DLA Piper said in a statement on Litvak's behalf. "The allegation that Jesse defrauded any counter-party -- PPIP or private -- is simply untrue," Smith added.
Litvak pleaded not guilty on Monday and was released on a $1 million bond.
In total, the government invested roughly $22.1 billion in public-private investment funds. Recently, asset managers BlackRock and AllianceBernstein liquidated their PPIP funds, netting the Treasury annualized gains of between 18% and 24% and a profit of roughly $900 million.
-- Written by Antoine Gara in New York