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Question: My wife bumped into my tool chest in the garage with her car.  There is minor damage to the car; it's a little over our $500 deductible amount to get it fixed.  I feel we should pay out of pocket, but my wife says we have collision coverage, why not use it?  What is the wiser thing to do?

Answer: I always say that car insurance should be used for the big things, not the little ones.  Otherwise auto insurance coverage would cost even more.  The more an auto insurer pays out, the more consumers have to pay in premiums.

Physical damage coverages of collision and comprehensive give you protection in that you can claim for damages or get actual cash value (ACV) if the vehicle is totaled out in an auto accident.  But I wouldn't recommend using these coverages for every little thing just because you have them or else your car insurance will cost you much more in the future.

Some insurers don't raise rates after a first accident if the costs are under a certain monetary amount ($1,000 with some insurers), while other insurers surcharge for any at-fault accident.  And most all car insurance companies will increase rates for multiple claims - and you never know when your next accident will occur.   (See “Here's how many car accidents you'll have.”)

If you use your collision coverage for the damage your wife's car sustained when she hit the tool chest, then there is a chance your rates could be surcharged around 10 to 30 percent, or more, depending upon your insurance company's rating system and state laws.  And surcharges typically last at least three years.

If, in this scenario, the cost of repairs is $650 and your deductible is $500, then your insurance company would only pay out $150 if you filed a claim.  If your annual premium is $1,200 and your insurer raises your rates by 20 percent for this incident, then your rates could go up by $240 annually for three years (total $720 in surcharges).  The numbers show it's a much better deal to pay for the total repair costs on your own.

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