New Study Gauges Public Support for a Potential FDA-Mandated Reduction in Cigarettes' Most Addictive Chemical Compound
Jan. 17, 2013
/PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A study released online today by the
American Journal of Public Health
shows strong public support – nearly 50 percent -- for a potential federal mandate to reduce nicotine content in cigarettes. Under the
Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act
of 2009, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has the authority to reduce nicotine levels – but not to zero. While the FDA has not yet acted on this authority, the new data provides a glimpse into public sentiment around the issue.
Cigarettes are the most addictive and deadly type of tobacco product - delivering nicotine rapidly and efficiently. Despite the well-documented harm from tobacco use and tobacco-related diseases, 46 million Americans smoke. Each year, more than 400,000 people die from tobacco-related diseases, while cigarettes addict 1,200 new "replacement" smokers each day.
"Nicotine reduction could be a promising tool to protect the population from the harm and death caused by tobacco products," said
, PhD, MPH, Research Investigator for the Schroeder Institute and lead author of the study. "This study shows us that such measures could be acceptable to a large number of Americans," she added.
The study presents nationally representative data from a
survey and found:
- Nearly half (46.7 percent) of U.S. adults agreed the FDA should reduce levels of nicotine in cigarettes. Only 16.5% disagreed and another 37.8% neither agreed nor disagreed or had no opinion.
- Smokers who were interested in quitting are more likely to support regulation than smokers who are not thinking of quitting.
- African Americans, Hispanics, and those with lower education levels were especially supportive of nicotine reduction.
Nicotine reduction in cigarettes to non-addictive levels has been a controversial topic in tobacco control; however, it is within the authority of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration since it was granted regulatory authority over tobacco products in 2009.